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  1. My Simple & Easy Nano Reef WHY ARE YOU DOING THIS?! For many years, I have been enjoying my three maintenance free, heavily planted freshwater tanks; my favorite being my Dream Blue Velvet Shrimp tank that is also home to my Bamboo Shrimp, Mini Golden Rabbit Snails, and a Salt and Pepper Pygmy Cory Catfish. For the past year, the wife really wanted a nano reef tank for her classroom to be viewed by hundreds of students, their parents, and her co-teachers. Not to be out done, I then wanted a nano reef tank for the home office. And thus, the Simple & Easy Nano Reef was born on 9/10/2019. (A week later, the School Nano Reef was born on 9/17/2019.) MY PRIMARY GOALS I have 3 primary goals for this nano reef: 1. No Testing*, No Dosing, No Activated Carbon. 2. To have the Fireworks Clove Polyps, Duncan, and Hammer corals cover the majority of the foreground, the Frogspawn coral and GSP cover the majority of the back wall, and the Xenia placed everywhere else. 3. To have thriving corals, happy fish, and no visible cyanobacteria or dinoflagellates. * I do test salinity which I keep at a stable 1.025 and I always make sure my water temperature is about 75°F. MAINTENANCE ◕ Weekly 2 gallon water changes using Red Sea Salt (Blue bucket), skim surface with paper towels if needed, and filter cleaning. ◕ Top off with Distilled Water. EL CHEAPO 10 GALLON AQUEON AQUARIUM FROM PETCO FEATURES ◕ Price: $14.99 (I missed the dollar per gallon sale, but the dream must move forward!) ◕ Tank Length: 20.25" ◕ Tank Width: 10.5" ◕ Tank Height: 12.625" ◕ Material: Glass TANK HIGH LEVEL CHARACTERISTICS ⇨ Aquascape : Nature's Ocean 12-Inch Coral Base Rocks ⇨ Sand : 10 pounds of Nature's Ocean Natural White No.0 Bio-Activ Aragonite Live Sand + Coarse Aragonite Sand ⇨ Heater : Cobalt Aquatics Neo-Therm Heater, 50 Watt ⇨ Lighting : NICREW ClassicLED Aquarium Light & Finnex 10" FugeRay Ultra Slim Aquarium LED Light; Current USA Orbit Marine IC PRO Dual LED with Bluetooth ⇨ Powerheads : Hydor Koralia Nano 240 (2) ⇨ Wave Controller : Hydor Smart Wave Circulation Pump Controller ⇨ Filtration : AquaClear HOB Filter; Tidal 35 ⇨ UV Sterilizer System : AA Aquarium Green Killing Machine 3 Watt ⇨ Coralline Algae Starter : Pink Fusion Strain & Purple Helix Strain Coralline Algae in a Bottle + Nitrifying Bacteria ⇨ Tank Lid: 20-Inch Aqueon Aquarium AAG29020 Versa Top ⇨ Saltwater: Red Sea Salt (Blue bucket) MY CORAL CHOICES Pom Pom Xenia I LOVE pulsing Xenia and find myself hypnotized every time I see it. I know others may hate it, but I find it as one of the coolest corals. They have no stinging tentacles and little to no toxins. It may try to colonize the tank and possibly fly around if it runs out of space on the rock it’s on, and may try to smother other corals if left unchecked, but the easy solution for that may be to just pull out any Xenia that gets too close to my other corals. I really love the Pom Pom Xenia variation and mine has a really elegant pulsing effect. Pulsing Xenia I acquired a large amount of Pulsing Xenia from a local hobbyist that really revitalized my tank. It’s one of my family’s most favorite corals of all time — just take care of it and it’ll do the rest. It’s beautiful, it pulses, it adds movement, it sways in the current, it grows relatively fast and it doesn’t release any known toxins or has any stingers. Green Star Polyps (GSP) If kept in check, it looks simply beautiful if you can get it to cover the back wall of your tank. That is the plan, a background of neon green polyps waving as the current passes through it. Fireworks Clove Polyps I really wanted this coral for the bright neon orange (and neon green) colors for when the actinic lights are only on. This coral added the finishing touch that I wanted. Rainbow Splatter Hammer Coral What I love about the Hammer coral is that it doesn't release any toxins and some hobbyists feed it either monthly or not at all and just rely on water changes and it's photosynthetic properties to nourish itself. It also adds a bit of diversity to a tank that is otherwise dominated by Xenia and GSP. Pink Tip Frogspawn Coral My 3-headed centerpiece, the infamous Frogspawn coral. I needed some eye candy to give the tank that finishing touch and the Frogspawn plays that role well. 1 Duncan Coral I bought two Duncans online and as far as I know, they may have short stingers, but they basically don’t really sting anything and are pretty safe in that department as far as I know. And they have no toxins that I’m aware of. They’re so cool looking too! I had two additional ones also, but the first one succame to Brown Jelly disease after a great fall onto the rocks and the sand. I believe its tentacles may have gotten injured and infected during this fall. The second one slowly perished from a similar fate including the occasional cyanobacteria bothering it. Candy Cane Coral (ORA) I really wanted the Neon Green Trumpet Coral, but they were sold out at the time. Hopefully, this one will turn out to be cool too. Purple Australian Big Polyp Blastomussa Coral & Red Australian Big Polyp Blastomussa Coral The Blastomussa Wellsi corals seem like the perfect addition to add to an open area that I have at the bottom of my tank. Acropora echinata Coral I received a tiny frag of what looks like Acropora echinata by accident in with my online order. I placed the small frag on the highest point of my rocks to try to give it the most light and current possible. I feed it Reef-Roids a few times a week and it seems to be quite happy so far with a multitude of polyps open most of the time. I like getting expensive corals for free! 🙂 Neon Green Trumpet Coral I almost gave up on trying to find this stunning coral, but when I least expected it, not only did I find it, but was given an offer I couldn't refuse. It was Cyber Monday, but the LFS told me that I could get the 50% Off Black Friday deal on this coral if I want it. Welcome home Neon Green Trumpet Coral -- my collection is finally complete! MACROALGAE Chaetomorpha Macroalgae One of the best, hardest working, and hardiest macroalgaes that you can find although if used for the display tank, small bits and pieces can easily get into every nook and cranny. I attempted to replace it with the much prettier looking Red Ogo Macroalgae, however that melted due to poor shipping conditions and possibly other factors. Fortunately, I kept the Chaeto on stand-by in a sealed zip lock bag and it survived without being in water for 24 hours! Red Dragon's Breath (Gracilaria Hayi) Macroalgae [Death by Mexican Turbo Snails] Simply beautiful to put into the display tank. Seems to work best if you can find a way to anchor it down. Red Ogo (Gracilaria Parvispora) Macroalgae [Death by poor shipment conditions] Normally a beautiful bright red & burgundy color and is fast growing, this macroalgae did not survive a 4-day journey through the mail in cold weather conditions to my home. The temperature inside the package felt a bit cold due to the heat pack not holding up for the entirety of the trip. Upon opening the bag, a really foul stench permeated the room. The macroalgae arrived orange and after acclimating to my tank, almost immediately began to cloud the water and became mostly transparent within 24 hours. Needless to say, I had to remove all of the Red Ogo from the tank, but I was fortunate to have kept the very hardy Chaeto on stand-by in case an emergency such as this arises. LIVESTOCK 1 Ocellaris Clownfish - "Nemo" The thing that started it all! Nemo and Marlin make their debut in our new nano reef tank that is situated between our desks in the home office. I selected the smallest ones available at the LFS and they should remain relatively small compared to other types of clownfish. I love their vibrant colors, overall peacefulness, and their wacky movements! 1 Black & White Ocellaris Clownfish - "Ninja" After Stripes disappeared, I always wanted to return back to my original 4 fish that I had in the very beginning when I first started this tank. Fortunately, Nemo has taken a liking to Ninja and vice versa so I think everything will turn out alright. 1 Tail Spot Blenny - "Alpha Blenny" A HUGE Personality stuck inside a tiny little body. Blenny is always there to stare back at me with a smile as I debate life's choices. 1 Yellow Watchman Goby - "Goby" I've read so much about this fascinating fish that I just had to experience one. Pretty, funny personality, grumpy at times which adds to the flavor, and a cool duo if you already have a blenny in the tank. I'm excited to watch all of its future antics. 1 Yellowline Goby - "Stripes" This cute little Goby reminds me of a puppy jumping all around the tank. It adds a playfulness that makes the tank even more fun. 1 Scarlet Skunk Cleaner Shrimp - "Shrimpy" I love watching the shrimp hang upside down on my "rock bridge" and search the tank in the evening for leftover food. I also get to witness it cleaning the fish every now and then. I was reading that you could keep two Skunk Cleaner Shrimp in a tank, but no more than two otherwise the mated pair will kill off the others! 3 Purple Porcelain Crabs I've tried the Porcelain Anemone Crabs and I didn't like their aggressiveness toward it's own kind and I didn't realize they really need an anemone for long-term health since they eat the mucus off of it as part of their diet. As far as the Purple Porcelain Crabs, they seem to tolerate each other much better and do not require an anemone to survive. They are much smaller in size, love hiding around the rockwork, but also explore in the evening and do a good job filtering the water. 1 Porcelain Anemone Crab My fierce little Samurai that help filter and clean the water. Don't let their peaceful demeanor fool you, that one on the right (nicknamed Alpha crab) ripped off two of the legs of the other one (nicknamed Captain Hook because his one side only has 1 leg)! Although at this time, they're both doing well and are still alive. Alpha crab molted on 12/14/19 and I actually thought he killed Captain Hook, lol. Crab molts look so real! UPDATE: As far as I can tell, Alpha crab ended up killing Captain Hook. I noticed one day that Alpha crab clutched Captain Hook's claw, but I was able to quickly intervene and shoo Alpha crab away from Captain Hook. Sadly, I believe it was the next morning when I noticed Captain Hook's claw was pulled off and his corpse was upside down on the top of the large rock that he usually stays on. I didn't realize if their claw gets removed, they will die so easily. 1 Ruby Emerald Crab I read that the smaller Emerald crabs are more likely to eat Bubble Algae compared to the larger Emerald crabs. I asked my LFS to pick me out the prettiest emerald crab that was small, and he found me a Ruby Emerald Crab to adopt (first time I've seen a red Emerald crab myself). Hopefully this little guy will munch on some Bubble Algae that I noticed throughout the tank. 1 Peppermint Shrimp Although Peppermint Shrimp do not always eat Aiptasia, you can increase your chances of getting one that does by getting more than one Peppermint Shrimp, which is just what I did. I tried killing the Aiptasia manually before with some lemon juice and tweezers, but after a few months, not only did it come back in the same spot, but another popped up on the other side of the tank! Seek and destroy, my Peppermint Shrimp! 5 Scarlet Red Hermit Crabs These peaceful and vibrant red CUC really help to constantly clean the sand, rock, and leftover food in the tank. I had Blue Leg Hermit Crabs & Zebra Hermit Crabs prior and they would become overly aggressive once they became large. So much so, my original peaceful Scarlet Red Hermit Crab disappeared. Now, I intend to only keep peaceful livestock in my tank. 1 Nassarius Snail These snails remind me of zombies. They crawl out of the sand bed whenever they detect food nearby. Whether that be me feeding the tank or a tank inhabitant dying or dead. 5 Cerith & Stocky Cerith Snails These snails are hard workers and they even clean on the edge where the sand meets the glass. I hear they are usually hard to reproduce due to their eggs being eaten by fish and such. I don't mind as long as they don't reproduce out of control. 1 Banded Trochus Snail They are excellent algae eaters and do a great job cleaning the brown diatoms off the glass. They also like to keep the heater and the surrounding areas sparkling clean. 1 Zebra Turbo Snail I purchased this to get rid of some pesty green hair algae that grew after my green emerald crab passed away from an accident. I no longer have much GHA left thanks to this Zebra Turbo Snail. 1 Mexican Turbo Snail I got these snails to take care of some cotton candy algae that may have hitchhiked onto the Chaeto that I bought off eBay. I confirmed that the larger snails that are 2"+ do indeed consume the cotton candy algae. 2 Tiger Sand Conchs I got the initial conch because I read that it eats cyanobacteria and also algae & detritus. It keeps the sandbed well stirred up and doesn't deplete it of microfauna. And it's amazing to watch it hop around on its powerful foot. After observing it eating cyanobacteria at a snails pace and doing a good job at the areas it was at, I decided to get one more to keep entire sand bed looking great since my particular system could use it. 1 Feather Duster I've been fascinated by my tiny little fan worm hitchhikers found on two of my corals. I do not feed them, yet they continue to grow and thrive possibly due to me spot feeding Reef-Roids to my corals every now and then. I've been curious of the much larger feather dusters and wanted to give it a try to see if their care level is similar to the tiny hitchhiker variety. Although, I may spot feed it Reef-Roids at the same time I do my normal coral feeding just to make sure it gets some nutrition besides what is found in the water. There is also a thriving Tisbe copepod population in the tank as well. a ton of Tisbe Copepods Our unseen clean up crew behind the scenes. They sometimes sacrifice themselves as lunch for any hungry fish waiting for their next daily meal. HITCHHIKERS Barnacle One of these hitched a ride on my Hammer coral. It looks pretty neat (while it’s still small). Fan worms I have a few of these tiny little feather dusters that hitchhiked onto some corals that I purchased online from LA. I believe it adds more diversity to my tank and gives me one more interesting thing to stare at. Branching Coralline algae I first noticed this purplish, tiny twig that was attached to my Candy Cane coral when I initially added it to my tank. At first I didn't know what it was, but once I did, it's been a welcome addition to the reef. I'm happy to see it continue to grow over time. Cotton Candy Algae [Death by Mexican Turbo Snails and Mechanical Filtration] Commonly referred to as a nuisance algae, this pretty pink & fluffy algae was first seen attached to my Chaeto that I purchased off eBay. True Mexican Turbo Snails (Turbo fluctuosa) of the larger variety (2"+) can help reduce the amount of cotton candy algae within a tank. I found acquiring these snails to be more difficult than I expected. My LFS sold me some Zebra Turbo Snails that they called Mexican Turbo Snails and they did not eat any of the cotton candy algae because it's the wrong kind of snail. As the weeks go on, I've grown more fonder of the pink color that this algae exhibits and I may change my mind on how bad it may be. It helps to export excess nutrients along with the chaeto while looking more aesthetically pleasing. My only real concern is if it can cause chaeto and corals to die over time by growing over them and preventing light from getting to them. I will keep a close eye on this nuisance algae and hopefully acquire some large Mexican Turbo Snails in the future. Aiptasia anemones [Death by Peppermint Shrimp] I noticed a tiny little Aiptasia anemone on the rockwork. I don't know where it came from, but it must've hitchhiked from one of the recent corals that I added to the tank. Not wanting to wait, I blasted it with some pure lemon juice. I then dug it all out with my tweezers and siphoned out any residue. That was the very last time I've ever seen an Aiptasia anemone in any of my reef tanks. UPDATE: Months later, I noticed two additional Aiptasia anemones in the tank so this time I purchased 2 Peppermint Shrimp to see if they can deal with these scary pests. Flatworms [Death by Toilet and hungry Clownfish] I've noticed flatworms on two different occasions and only on my Xenia coral. For the longest time, I thought these little brown spots were just part of the Xenia dying or rotting away -- UNTIL I noticed it moving one day! I then took the piece of Xenia out, dipped it into tank water with Seachem Reef Dip, rinsed it off with new tank water, and flushed the flatworms out of existence. The second time I noticed it was on a different Xenia (one that I didn't dip); I was able to siphon it off the Xenia, it floated in the water and to my surprise, my Clownfish ATE it! I was both surprised and proud that my Clownfish was helping me rid the tank of this pest. So Death by Flushing and Death by Clownfish. Make your Choice. Vermetid snails I added 6 Turbo Snails a few days ago, and the 2 largest of the pack had some noticeable hitchhikers on their shells. I would've swore I saw a worm-like thing quickly enter a calcified burrow on one of the shells. As I observed more closely, I noticed a bunch of mucus strands or slime trail that floats in the water so I may also have Vermetid snails possibly (pretty possible there are multiple types of pests on the shell). When I read up on Vermetid snails and finding out that the mucus strands irritates corals and can even cause them to die, I quickly got to work and removed the 2 large snails from the tank. I took a tooth brush and used the end to try to crush the calcium burrows and remove them from the large snail shells. I rinsed with tap water and brushed the shells hoping it may aid in killing anything else on the shells. Spirorbid Worms Ever since I added the large Turbo snails, now I have countless Spirorbid Worms all over my tank. I see this as a good thing because they are peaceful filter feeders after all, however I would venture to say there are hundreds -- maybe thousands of them all over my tank. Since I do not do water changes in this tank, I wonder if the influx of tiny filter feeders (Spirorbid Worms, Vermetid snails, Pineapple Sponges) is due to the plentiful source of food floating in the water column? Perhaps this is nature's way to bring balance to my tank so everything can live in harmony. Pineapple sponges I didn't know it at the time, but there was a Pineapple sponge hiding within the Chaeto that I purchased off eBay. Fast forward to today, now there's countless Pineapple sponges all over the underside of rockwork and in dark areas of the tank such as behind the heater. Based on my research, these should decline in population over time as the food supply lessens within the water. I tend to like filter feeders overall so at this time, they're a welcome addition to the biodiversity within my tank. Bubble Algae I noticed Bubble Algae on both of the Blastomussa corals that I got from LA. After doing much research, I did not want to get an Emerald crab because based off other hobbyists' experiences, they're 50/50 on whether or not they'll even consume the Bubble Algae. And on top of that, it's 50/50 if they may pick at & eat your corals in the tank. And when they get big, they may even go after your small fish. So, no thanks. Then I was reading about hobbyists' popping the Bubble Algae with tweezers. For the ones that have, they claim the Bubble Algae never came back after they were popped and removed. On top of that, when various hobbyists watched their Emerald crabs eat the Bubble Algae, the Emerald crabs themselves pop the Bubble Algae! For the hobbyists that did not want to pop the Bubble Algae, they were scared if spores would spread. But, others mentioned it may only spread if the Bubble Algae is mature and large. Either way, I went with popping the Bubble Algae with tweezers and I will update this if I notice any coming back. UPDATE: I found out later that any of the BA skin that hid itself within the cracks or floated in the tank eventually repopulated itself. In response, I purchased a small Ruby Emerald Crab to help end this menace once and for all! PICTURES Day 16 (9/26/2019) since starting the Office Nano Reef: Day 43 (10/23/2019): Day 60 (11/9/2019): Day 81 (11/30/2019): Day 112 (12/31/2019): Day 659 (6/30/2021): Day 665 (7/6/2021): Day 692 (8/2/2021): Day 701 (8/11/2021): 9/6/2021:
  2. After starting my membership here with a strong showing, and for my own educational purposes and record, I guess I’ll start a journal. Seems like a good place to keep a list of ideas and tips to help me on this journey! Tank: Fluval Evo XII 13.5 gallon started 1/21/2019 Equipment: Fluval spec return pump 132gph Fluval sea mini protein skimmer 5-10gallon Fluval 50W heater In Tank Chamber 1 media basket Current Orbit Marine LED light w bracket arm Current Orbit Eflux Wave pump 660gph (along w their hubs) IM mesh screen Media: Fluval bio rings (bottom level of media basket) Fluval 100gm carbon (bottom level media basket) Fluval clearmax (middle level media basket) IM filter floss (top level media basket) Stock: 14lbs live rock ? Lbs of life sand Black oscellaris clown True percula clown Blue spotted goby watchman Red banded snapping shrimp Scarlet shrimp Trochus snails x4 Dwarf red hermit crabs x 10 Star polyp x 2 (one split into two sections thanks to hermits, so there’s three-ish) Palys x 2: both protopalythoa Hairy mushroom x3 (all on one big rock) Hammer x 1 Zoa x1 Now obviously I didn’t start with all of this at once. We started with three clowns in fact- two percula and the oscellaris, but the two bigger fish kept trying to kill the smaller so I took the small guy back to save him from certain death within a week. Following that, the black was named Jolly Roger and the percula Jack Sparrow. (What can I say- this tank is “supposed” to be owned by my soon to be 9 year old who LOVES POTC, but secretly, it’s mine 😁) We started with two trochus and five hermits, but I doubled that for more cleaning power after about two and a half weeks. Those guys don’t get names. We added the goby and his “pal” Jan 22, but they NEVER hang with each other and in fact I’m not sure they know the other exists anymore. The goby was named J Edgar Hoover because he is always watching us with disapproval from across the room and follows us around the tank with his permanent frown. The pistol shrimp was named Snappy because well..... 🤷🏻‍♀️ We added the scarlet shrimp a week ago, and he’s quite the personality. We call him the Red Baron. We started the tank with a zoa and the little star polyp that the herms split in two. We next added the protopalys. Added the hammer today, with some drama due to the LFS lady who evidently thinks I’m out to kill everything in my tank 🤦🏽‍♀️. That’s it for this tank in a nutshell.
  3. Hi all, I am fairly new to this hobby and have had my reef tank up and running for just short of 2 months. About a month in I began adding my first corals to the tank. One of the corals I recently added was a purple hammer coral - this is not my first hammer, I already have a green one thriving in my tank. I positioned this hammer not too far away from the existing green one, and from day one it just never opened up the same way my green one does. It would open up a fair bit, but looking at it today, it really doesn't look too healthy at all. My parameters are the following: Salinity: 1.026 PH: 8.1 Nitrate: 5ppm Any advice on what I could do to fix this issue would be much appreciated. Considering that my green hammer is doing so well I suspect it may be a placement issue rather than a parameters issue but any advice would be great. 🙂 I have attached some pics below of both the thriving green hammer and the struggling purple one. Thanks, Will
  4. afcajax73

    Andys Fluvial 13.5

    Good morning all! (we'll it's morning here in the UK at least) My name is Andy, I used to have a large marine tank approx 10 years ago, but I stopped keeping fish, and started keeping children... Now they're a bit more grown up i've decided to get another marine set up, but this time i've got a lot smaller with the Fluval Evo Sea 13.5 So far it's stayed stock and i've not upgraded anything, I used live sand, but not live rock, and then supplemented the cycle process with the RedSea Starter kit, the parameters are doing well, and so far i've added; 7x turbo snails, 1x fire shrimp, 1x kenya tree 1x rock of zoa also, i didn't know until a day after the zoa rock went in, but i had some sort of bivalve attached! which seems to be doing well too 🙂 in terms of longer term plans, i will be adding a few more corals, and then a pair of young clowns 🙂 and maybe adding a bit more flow to the tank here's a few pics so far,
  5. mynewtank

    Wrong fish ?

    My tank is about 6 months old with a sump and a big plastic tank next to it that feeds RO into it. The light is LED that goes across the top of the tank and all of the parameters are normal and kept that way by the guys from the store that are doing this until I can. I bought another yellow tang after the last one died because the salt was too high. Then I find out (on this site) that yellow tangs do not belong in a 35 gallon tank. I also bought a hammer coral and it's not looking well. I have a Coral Beauty Angelfish and a female clownfish in there for about 5 months and they've been doing well despite my fumbling around trying to figure this out. Here's the thing. These guys maintain my tank. I'm in constant communication with them because I rarely know what I'm doing. - Half the time I don't even know what some of this equipment is called and these guys sold me the yellow tang. Anyway, here's the question: Going forward, what kind and how many fish would be best.
  6. Nick4061

    Help! Hammer lps problems

    So I bought this metalic torque hammer about two months ago, he hasnt opened up at all, but all my other lps are thriving including another hammer. I've moved him around countless times trying to see if he just didn't like the/lighting in that area but nothing is helping. Param: calcium is between 460- 480 alk-7-8 dkh. Amonia 0ppm nitrite 0ppm nitrate 5-10 ppm
  7. merickson45

    Hammer Coral suddenly dying

    Hi everyone, Just wanted to post this picture of my hammer coral which is not doing so well, to see if anyone can identify what is wrong with it. Here are before and after pictures (before is a frame from a video, sorry for the bad quality, only picture I have) I've had it for around 3 weeks, and it had been doing great that whole time. I had it in a quarantine tank for a few weeks, and it seemed to be doing fine, so a few days ago I transferred it to my main display. The parameters on each tank are essential identical (Alk ~9 dkH, Phosphates < 0.1ppm, Nitrates < 5ppm). It seemed fine at first, but after a few days it closed up tight, and last night I saw some skeleton starting to show. This morning I transferred it back to the QT after doing a short iodine dip. This picture was taken just now. Only thing I've heard of that kills euphyllia fast is brown jelly, but I don't really see any of the typical traits. Any ideas/suggestions?
  8. Psilopsych

    12x12 diy cube

    So here it is. I built this tank from some free shelves I got from a couple on Craigslist. It’s 12x12 inches. I have a 250gph return and a 110 gph in the display for flow. An aqueon 10w heater, coralview 3” smart fan and inkbird to run them. Smart auto top off with a 5g rodi storage container. Filtration is tanken care of by foam, filter floss, chaetomorpha and an ns80 reef octopus skimmer. Great lil unit! There is around 9lbs live rock and a 2” sand bed. The tank is lit by a nanobox mini. Big upgrade from the Chinese box light. Livestock includes a oscilaris clown, pajama cardinal, Randall’s goby, margarita snails, astrea snails, electric blue hermit, red hermit, and left handed hermits. Corals. Chicken pox discoma and a red and blue dot disco. Green branching hammer. Blue branching hammer. Green octospawn. Eagle eye, gobstopper, and Rasta Zoas. Montipora setosa. Sunset montipora. Green palys and utter chaos paly. Birds nest. Some sad ass trumpets and acan that burned up with a crappy Chinese box light. And a green and purple Favia. I have had a lot of success’ and failures with this tank. I have lost fish,inverts ands corals. I have also brought corals back from the dead. I fought and beat bubble algae and bryopsis. All in all this tank has been a rollercoaster but I feel like I am finally getting on the right path. I do weekly 3-5g water changes. Clean the glass daily and test weekly to bi weekly. Hope yall like like what you see and happy reefing.
  9. ECLS Reefer

    Super inflated or stringy euphyllia

    Okay peoples! I have two torches and several small hammers that are rather shriveled or stringy. They also have been bloating some at different times during the day. The elegance coral is blown up like a blimp and then deflates to crumple in on itself. What’s changed? Got a new RedSea LED 90 light and since it bleached multiple SPS corals, I have it running at 10/15/25% and then back down in the same increment, total ramp up and down for 10 hours. Got a new ice cap gyre pump, the small one, and it’s set at 10% flow alternating pumps every 10 seconds. Water parameters have been stable. Water changes weekly of 10-12g. Can anyone tell me what’s making these corals act like this?
  10. Got a Fluval Evo 13.5 for $100USD when it’s on sale. Immediately upgrade most of the equipments since I will be keeping corals in the near future. I had a 65G SPS reef tank for 5+ years before and call it quits last year since I don’t have time anymore and the tank was neglected. I got the itch again and decided to get back in with a nano reef since it’s smaller and doesn’t take long for maintenance. This time around I’m automating as much of the tank as possible to prevent making it feel like a chore. Equipments: - Hipargero LED 60W on a mechanical timer. (Soon to pick up a AI Hydra HD this sunday) - Stock return pump, although I have a cobalt maxi jet 1200 that I could use but for now the stock pump is sufficient. - Aqamai KPS (Picking up a Vortex Mp10wQD this Sunday) - Intank chamber 1 media basket - 100 watts cobalt heater - Eheim automatic fish feeder - Autoaqua nano ATO - Dry rock with some live rock rubbles - 20lbs live sand Tank has been up for 2 weeks. Live stocks includes 2 oscellaris clownfish, 2 blue legged hermit crabs, a few pulsing xenia (eventually have to pull them because these will grow like weeds but I like the pulsing action). Will add more fish/ corals as tank matures.
  11. Okay, so I picked up a branching hammer frag about 2 weeks ago. It looked good, very colorful, and I got a good deal. Got home yesterday, and it was closed up tight with some "algae" on top of the flesh. I was too tired to investigate too much, so I put it off until this morning. I learned that it was probably brown jelly disease. So, I siphoned out as much of the jelly as I could, and was left with 5-7 healthy polyps, and maybe 10-15 sick ones. This was a 30-40 polyp head, too. I did a quick search online, and decided that I should take some pretty aggressive action. I decided to do a peroxide dip, followed by a Lugol's dip. One to kill the things causing the brown jelly, and one to act as an anti-septic. I'm left with 4-5 healthy polyps on the head. The skeleton is VERY white, and it was throwing off a lot of mucus after being put back into the tank. I replaced carbon just in case. What should I do for my other LPS in my tank? I've only got 2 other LPS frags, an Aussie War Coral and a Candy Cane. The War Coral has shown nothing but good growth lately, and the Candy Cane is coming around after a few weeks of unhappiness with algae. Should I do a (much) less aggressive treatment? Leave em' alone? Anything I can do to improve my chances with the hammer? I'm not too hopeful right now. I've seen corals come back from worse, but this is pretty bad. Tank parameters: Ammonia/Nitrite: 0 PPM Nitrate: 4-5 PPM Phosphate: 0.12 PPM (been working to get this down!) Calcium: 420 PPM KH: 9.4 dKH (stable) Other than my phosphate, everything's been pretty good parameter-wise. Thanks!
  12. thilankasp

    26G Nano Reef | Coral Eden

    Current FTS - 20.11.2017 Background : I’ve been a fan of Reef tanks for ages but always was afraid to start one myself so I kept myself busy with freshwater tanks. After reading a lot about them, especially this forum, I decided to start my first Nano Reef. My initial plan was to start something small, around 6 Gallons. But after going through this forum, I saw how hard it is to keep small aquariums stable. So I decided to start with a 26 Gallon. Tank : ● 26 Gallon Custom Tank with a filter compartment in the back. Altogether around 30 Gallons. Equipment : ● Resun 1000L/h Submersible Pump ● Jebao RW-4 Wavemaker ● Resun SK-300 Nano Protein Skimmer ● Zetlight ZA1201 Marine LED Light Filteration : ● 30 Pounds of Live Rock ● 15 Pounds of Live Sand ● Filter Sponge ● GAC ● Purigen Livestock: Fish: ● Firefish (Nemateleotris magnifica) x 1 ● Black Photon Clownfish (Amphiprion percula) x 2 ● Purple Firefish (Nemateleotris decora) x 1 ● Segmented Blenny (Salarias segmentatus) x 1 ● Banggai cardinalfish (Pterapogon kauderni) x 1 ● Pinkbar goby (Pinkbar goby) x 1 Inverts: ● Scarlet Skunk Cleaner Shrimp (Lysmata amboinensis) x 2 ● Trochus Snails (Trochus radiatus) x 5 ● Porcelain Anemone Crab (Neopetrolisthes oshimai) x 1 ● Indian Sea Star (Fromia indica) x 1 ● Maxi-Mini Carpet Anemone (Stichodactyla tapetum) x 2 Corals: ● Zoanthids (Zoanthus sp.) x 5 ● Mushroom Coral (Actinodiscus sp.) x 1 ● Superman Mushroom (Discosoma sp.) x 2 ● Hammer Coral (Euphyllia ancora) x 1 ● Open Brain Coral ( ? ) X 1 FTS - 11.07.2016 - First Livestock Added FTS - 11.06.2016 - Tank Established Comments are appreciated.
  13. TonySpumoni95

    Hammer Coral not opening

    Hello All! I recently purchased a 2-headed hammer coral frag from a local LFS that I thought would be a perfect addition to my tank. I've had poor luck with hammer corals in the past, as a frag I purchased months ago died within the first 48 hours of purchase. My parameters and every other coral in the tank were fine at that time, so I thought I was just dealt a bad hand. With regards to the frag I want to talk about in this post, I've had this frag for roughly 5 days, and it just doesn't want to open. The flesh doesn't appear to be deteriorating, but the mouths of the coral are agape and just doesn't appear to be in good health. Any help with regards to possible insight and solutions would be greatly appreciated. Tank specs and other inhabitants listed below. Thanks everyone! Tank: JbJ 28 gallon LED nanocube Flow: 2-266 gph pumps (connected to wavemaker that alternates pumps every 30 seconds) Light: 25W of 14K LEDs w/ 4W moonlight LEDs (meant for low-moderate light specs) Parameters: Salinity - 1.026 P.H - 8.2 Calcium - 430ppm KH - 170ppm Nitrate - 0 Nitrite - 0 Ammonia - 0 Phosphates - between 0 and .25 ppm (All parameters except salinity were measured with API kits) Fish: 1 Percula clownfish & 1 Photon Clownfish (Bonded) 1 Male Mandarin Goby 1 Yellowtail Damselfish 1 Purple Dartfish Coral/Invertebrates: Toadstool Leather Elegance Coral Red/Green Trachyphyllia Kenya Tree Coral Pink-tip green bubble anenome various polyps and zoanthids (honestly don't know all of the names) green-tipped pocillopora (hitchhiker frag with green-star polyps, has grown well) I also have a few photos posted of the tank itself and the hammer coral in question
  14. I introduced a new small single head branching hammer coral to my reef tank. Placed it next to my existing 1 year old 4 head hammer. In a matter of 1-2 days, I noticed that my old hammer had its two heads that are facing the new hammer retracted and slimming. Moved the new hammer to another place. The new hammer looks healthy. The old hammer has 2 heads affected and the other 2 heads (the ones that were not facing the new hammer) doing OK. The affected heads are showing some brown slime (I hope it is not brown jelly) and I have seen some tissue and polyp detachment. Any recommendations? Params: Tank is 1 year old with healthy coral and fish. Salinity: 1.026 pH: 8.2 PO4: 0.02 ppm NO3: 0.5 ppm Alk: 8.9 dKH Ca: ˜430 Temp: 80.6 F constantly for 1+ year Other: I have been vodka and vinegar dosing for about a year now. First NOPOX, then Vodka + Vinegar for, and currently Vinegar-only. I don't think this is related as all other corals are doing fine, including the other heads of this affected coral, but maybe worth mentioning. Pics: 1. Zoom of affected head. 2. Affected hammer coral 3. New hammer coral
  15. IfYouAskNicely

    My first SW tank, a 2.5g

    Hello! So, I've been interested in biology in general from a pretty young age, I've had and still have various freshwater tanks since before middle school or so, and I'm going into my senior year of college now in San Diego(pretty moderate climate). A half a year ago or so I got the saltwater bug, and have been lurking on a bunch of forums and such learning about corals specifically. The final straw was when my boss, who has a 300 gallon reef tank at my work, told me that he would give me frags for free from pretty much any coral in his tank. So, I decided to make a reef tank, with the goal in mind that I'm a broke ass college student and so I'm going to spend as little money as possible. I've read all over the place about how the bigger the saltwater the tank, the easier it is to maintain, but that's obviously not 100% true as evidenced by everyone's experiences here. I decided to go for a challenge for my first saltwater tank by using a 2.5 gallon vase, and Maritza the Vase Reef was some of my primary inspiration. The only equipment running in it are an airline and a heater(and a battery powered thermometer to check the heaters not fritzing), as well as the light which is a I think 10watt compact flourescent 50/50 bulb. My phone's super crappy right now, so I'm going to try and borrow someone else's for a little and then I will upload pictures. It has been running for probably four months or so now. The first month was rough but I attribute that to the fact that I used an old heater, it malfunctioned and basically turned everything to soup. Since then though I've been steadily adding more and more corals, sometimes 3 a week, sometimes I won't add any for a month. The only not coral livestock I put in there that didn't come with the live rock is a small hermit crab and a bumpy red crab I took from the tidepools(sshhhhhhh). The only coral deaths I've had have been mushrooms which weren't able to attach high enough and were pulled into the bumpy crabs lair and eaten, and a small stock of pulsing Xenia which shriveled up over the course of a month or so. All the corals I have now are growing or at least static in their growth and don't seem unhealthy. I've heard that pulsing Xenia actually like slightly higher nitrate and phosphate levels, and so that's why I think they died, because my maintenance consists of weekly 90-100% water changes/glass scrubbing as well as taking the main rock out and scrubbing algae and detritus off with a toothbrush. I do the huge water changes because the tank is so small, and I also put quite a bit of reef roids into the tank the day before I clean it and change the water. Another thing which is fairly unconventional, but I haven't tested my water in any way since starting the tank. I rely on the fact that I buy premixed water from a reputable store and change basically all my water out with fresh water with the right parameters. Yes I still top off with RO/DI water from evaporation, I just keep the water level consistent though instead of using a refractometer. Only reason I don't test is because I'm on a tight budget. I have a feather worm in there and I've heard that they are VERY sensitive to water conditions and so I just make sure he's doing good and all is well. I'll try and upload pictures later today!
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