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  1. My Simple & Easy Nano Reef WHY ARE YOU DOING THIS?! For many years, I have been enjoying my three maintenance free, heavily planted freshwater tanks; my favorite being my Dream Blue Velvet Shrimp tank that is also home to my Bamboo Shrimp, Mini Golden Rabbit Snails, and a Salt and Pepper Pygmy Cory Catfish. For the past year, the wife really wanted a nano reef tank for her classroom to be viewed by hundreds of students, their parents, and her co-teachers. Not to be out done, I then wanted a nano reef tank for the home office. And thus, the Simple & Easy Nano Reef was born on 9/10/2019. (A week later, the School Nano Reef was born on 9/17/2019.) MY PRIMARY GOALS I have 3 primary goals for this nano reef: 1. Keeping routine maintenance Simple & Easy and owning corals that don't have any known toxins so carbon is not needed in filtration. 2. To have Xenia cover the majority of the foreground, GSP cover the majority of the back wall, and the Hammer coral to add diversity. 3. To have thriving corals, happy fish, and no visible cyanobacteria. EL CHEAPO 10 GALLON AQUEON AQUARIUM FROM PETCO FEATURES ◕ Price: $14.99 (I missed the dollar per gallon sale, but the dream must move forward!) ◕ Tank Length: 20.25" ◕ Tank Width: 10.5" ◕ Tank Height: 12.625" ◕ Material: Glass TANK HIGH LEVEL CHARACTERISTICS ⇨ Aquascape : Nature's Ocean 12-Inch Coral Base Rocks ⇨ Sand : 10 pounds of Nature's Ocean Natural White No.0 Bio-Activ Aragonite Live Sand + Coarse Aragonite Sand ⇨ Heater : Cobalt Aquatics Neo-Therm Heater, 50 Watt ⇨ Lighting : NICREW ClassicLED Aquarium Light & Finnex 10" FugeRay Ultra Slim Aquarium LED Light; Current USA Orbit Marine IC PRO Dual LED with Bluetooth ⇨ Powerheads : Hydor Koralia Nano 240 (2) ⇨ Wave Controller : Hydor Smart Wave Circulation Pump Controller ⇨ Filtration : AquaClear HOB Filter ⇨ UV Sterilizer System : AA Aquarium Green Killing Machine 3 Watt ⇨ Coralline Algae Starter : Pink Fusion Strain & Purple Helix Strain Coralline Algae in a Bottle + Nitrifying Bacteria ⇨ Tank Lid: 20-Inch Aqueon Aquarium AAG29020 Versa Top ⇨ Natural sea water: Nature's Ocean Nutri-SeaWater Natural Live Ocean Saltwater MAINTENANCE ◕ Biweekly water changes using Nature's Ocean Nutri-SeaWater Natural Live Ocean Saltwater, skim surface with paper towels if needed, and filter cleaning. ◕ Top off with Distilled Water. MY CORAL CHOICES Pom Pom Xenia I LOVE pulsing Xenia and find myself hypnotized every time I see it. I know others may hate it, but I find it as one of the coolest corals. They have no stinging tentacles and little to no toxins. It may try to colonize the tank and possibly fly around if it runs out of space on the rock it’s on, and may try to smother other corals if left unchecked, but the easy solution for that may be to just pull out any Xenia that gets too close to my other corals. I really love the Pom Pom Xenia variation and mine has a really elegant pulsing effect. Pulsing Xenia I acquired a large amount of Pulsing Xenia from a local hobbyist that really revitalized my tank. It’s one of my family’s most favorite corals of all time — just take care of it and it’ll do the rest. It’s beautiful, it pulses, it adds movement, it sways in the current, it grows relatively fast and it doesn’t release any known toxins or has any stingers. Green Star Polyps (GSP) If kept in check, it looks simply beautiful if you can get it to cover the back wall of your tank. That is the plan, a background of neon green polyps waving as the current passes through it. Hammer Coral What I love about the Hammer coral is that it doesn't release any toxins and some hobbyists feed it either monthly or not at all and just rely on water changes and it's photosynthetic properties to nourish itself. It also adds a bit of diversity to a tank that is otherwise dominated by Xenia and GSP. 2 Duncanopsammia Corals I bought two Duncans online and as far as I know, they may have short stingers, but they basically don’t really sting anything and are pretty safe in that department as far as I know. And they have no toxins that I’m aware of. They’re so cool looking too! I had two additional ones also, but the first one succame to Brown Jelly disease after a great fall onto the rocks and the sand. I believe its tentacles may have gotten injured and infected during this fall. The second one slowly perished from a similar fate including the occasional cyanobacteria bothering it. Candy Cane Coral (ORA) I really wanted the Neon Green Trumpet Coral, but they were sold out at the time. Hopefully, this one will turn out to be cool too. Purple Australian Big Polyp Blastomussa Coral & Red Australian Big Polyp Blastomussa Coral The Blastomussa Wellsi corals seem like the perfect addition to add to an open area that I have at the bottom of my tank. Acropora echinata Coral I received a tiny frag of what looks like Acropora echinata by accident in with my online order. I placed the small frag on the highest point of my rocks to try to give it the most light and current possible. I feed it Reef-Roids a few times a week and it seems to be quite happy so far with a multitude of polyps open most of the time. I like getting expensive corals for free! 🙂 Neon Green Trumpet Coral I almost gave up on trying to find this stunning coral, but when I least expected it, not only did I find it, but was given an offer I couldn't refuse. It was Cyber Monday, but the LFS told me that I could get the 50% Off Black Friday deal on this coral if I want it. Welcome home Neon Green Trumpet Coral -- my collection is finally complete! MACROALGAE Chaetomorpha Macroalgae One of the best, hardest working, and hardiest macroalgaes that you can find although if used for the display tank, small bits and pieces can easily get into every nook and cranny. I attempted to replace it with the much prettier looking Red Ogo Macroalgae, however that melted due to poor shipping conditions and possibly other factors. Fortunately, I kept the Chaeto on stand-by in a sealed zip lock bag and it survived without being in water for 24 hours! Red Dragon's Breath (Gracilaria Hayi) Macroalgae [Death by Mexican Turbo Snails] Simply beautiful to put into the display tank. Seems to work best if you can find a way to anchor it down. Red Ogo (Gracilaria Parvispora) Macroalgae [Death by poor shipment conditions] Normally a beautiful bright red & burgundy color and is fast growing, this macroalgae did not survive a 4-day journey through the mail in cold weather conditions to my home. The temperature inside the package felt a bit cold due to the heat pack not holding up for the entirety of the trip. Upon opening the bag, a really foul stench permeated the room. The macroalgae arrived orange and after acclimating to my tank, almost immediately began to cloud the water and became mostly transparent within 24 hours. Needless to say, I had to remove all of the Red Ogo from the tank, but I was fortunate to have kept the very hardy Chaeto on stand-by in case an emergency such as this arises. LIVESTOCK 1 Ocellaris Clownfish The thing that started it all! Nemo and Marlin make their debut in our new nano reef tank that is situated between our desks in the home office. I selected the smallest ones available at the LFS and they should remain relatively small compared to other types of clownfish. I love their vibrant colors, overall peacefulness, and their wacky movements! 1 Tailspot Blenny A HUGE Personality stuck inside a tiny little body. Blenny is always there to stare back at me with a smile as I debate life's choices. 1 Yellow Watchman Goby I've read so much about this fascinating fish that I just had to experience one. Pretty, funny personality, grumpy at times which adds to the flavor, and a cool duo if you already have a blenny in the tank. I'm excited to watch all of its future antics. 1 Scarlet Skunk Cleaner Shrimp I love watching the shrimp hang upside down on my "rock bridge" and search the tank in the evening for leftover food. I also get to witness it cleaning the fish every now and then. I was reading that you could keep two Skunk Cleaner Shrimp in a tank, but no more than two otherwise the mated pair will kill off the others! 1 Porcelain Anemone Crab My fierce little Samurai that help filter and clean the water. Don't let their peaceful demeanor fool you, that one on the right (nicknamed Alpha crab) ripped off two of the legs of the other one (nicknamed Captain Hook because his one side only has 1 leg)! Although at this time, they're both doing well and are still alive. Alpha crab molted on 12/14/19 and I actually thought he killed Captain Hook, lol. Crab molts look so real! UPDATE: As far as I can tell, Alpha crab ended up killing Captain Hook. I noticed one day that Alpha crab clutched Captain Hook's claw, but I was able to quickly intervene and shoo Alpha crab away from Captain Hook. Sadly, I believe it was the next morning when I noticed Captain Hook's claw was pulled off and his corpse was upside down on the top of the large rock that he usually stays on. I didn't realize if their claw gets removed, they will die so easily. 1 Ruby Emerald Crab I read that the smaller Emerald crabs are more likely to eat Bubble Algae compared to the larger Emerald crabs. I asked my LFS to pick me out the prettiest emerald crab that was small, and he found me a Ruby Emerald Crab to adopt (first time I've seen a red Emerald crab myself). Hopefully this little guy will munch on some Bubble Algae that I noticed throughout the tank. 1 Peppermint Shrimp Although Peppermint Shrimp do not always eat Aiptasia, you can increase your chances of getting one that does by getting more than one Peppermint Shrimp, which is just what I did. I tried killing the Aiptasia manually before with some lemon juice and tweezers, but after a few months, not only did it come back in the same spot, but another popped up on the other side of the tank! Seek and destroy, my Peppermint Shrimp! 7 Blue Legged Hermit Crabs & 3 Zebra Hermit Crabs These cute and awesome CUC really help to constantly clean the sand, rock, and leftover food in the tank. 2 Nassarius Snails These snails remind me of zombies. They crawl out of the sand bed whenever they detect food nearby. Whether that be me feeding the tank or a tank inhabitant dying or dead. 1 Stocky Cerith Snail These snails are hard workers and they even clean on the edge where the sand meets the glass. I hear they are usually hard to reproduce due to their eggs being eaten by fish and such. I don't mind as long as they don't reproduce out of control. 1 Banded Trochus Snail They are excellent algae eaters and do a great job cleaning the brown diatoms off the glass. They also like to keep the heater and the surrounding areas sparkling clean. 1 Zebra Turbo Snail I purchased this to get rid of some pesty green hair algae that grew after my green emerald crab passed away from an accident. I no longer have much GHA left thanks to this Zebra Turbo Snail. 1 Mexican Turbo Snail I got these snails to take care of some cotton candy algae that may have hitchhiked onto the Chaeto that I bought off eBay. I confirmed that the larger snails that are 2"+ do indeed consume the cotton candy algae. 2 Tiger Sand Conchs I got the initial conch because I read that it eats cyanobacteria and also algae & detritus. It keeps the sandbed well stirred up and doesn't deplete it of microfauna. And it's amazing to watch it hop around on its powerful foot. After observing it eating cyanobacteria at a snails pace and doing a good job at the areas it was at, I decided to get one more to keep entire sand bed looking great since my particular system could use it. 1 Feather Duster I've been fascinated by my tiny little fan worm hitchhikers found on two of my corals. I do not feed them, yet they continue to grow and thrive possibly due to me spot feeding Reef-Roids to my corals every now and then. I've been curious of the much larger feather dusters and wanted to give it a try to see if their care level is similar to the tiny hitchhiker variety. Although, I may spot feed it Reef-Roids at the same time I do my normal coral feeding just to make sure it gets some nutrition besides what is found in the water. There is also a thriving Tisbe copepod population in the tank as well. a ton of Tisbe Copepods Our unseen clean up crew behind the scenes. They sometimes sacrifice themselves as lunch for any hungry fish waiting for their next daily meal. HITCHHIKERS Barnacle One of these hitched a ride on my Hammer coral. It looks pretty neat (while it’s still small). Fan worms I have a few of these tiny little feather dusters that hitchhiked onto some corals that I purchased online from LA. I believe it adds more diversity to my tank and gives me one more interesting thing to stare at. Branching Coralline algae I first noticed this purplish, tiny twig that was attached to my Candy Cane coral when I initially added it to my tank. At first I didn't know what it was, but once I did, it's been a welcome addition to the reef. I'm happy to see it continue to grow over time. Cotton Candy Algae [Death by Mexican Turbo Snails and Mechanical Filtration] Commonly referred to as a nuisance algae, this pretty pink & fluffy algae was first seen attached to my Chaeto that I purchased off eBay. True Mexican Turbo Snails (Turbo fluctuosa) of the larger variety (2"+) can help reduce the amount of cotton candy algae within a tank. I found acquiring these snails to be more difficult than I expected. My LFS sold me some Zebra Turbo Snails that they called Mexican Turbo Snails and they did not eat any of the cotton candy algae because it's the wrong kind of snail. As the weeks go on, I've grown more fonder of the pink color that this algae exhibits and I may change my mind on how bad it may be. It helps to export excess nutrients along with the chaeto while looking more aesthetically pleasing. My only real concern is if it can cause chaeto and corals to die over time by growing over them and preventing light from getting to them. I will keep a close eye on this nuisance algae and hopefully acquire some large Mexican Turbo Snails in the future. Aiptasia anemones [Death by Peppermint Shrimp] I noticed a tiny little Aiptasia anemone on the rockwork. I don't know where it came from, but it must've hitchhiked from one of the recent corals that I added to the tank. Not wanting to wait, I blasted it with some pure lemon juice. I then dug it all out with my tweezers and siphoned out any residue. That was the very last time I've ever seen an Aiptasia anemone in any of my reef tanks. UPDATE: Months later, I noticed two additional Aiptasia anemones in the tank so this time I purchased 2 Peppermint Shrimp to see if they can deal with these scary pests. Flatworms [Death by Toilet and hungry Clownfish] I've noticed flatworms on two different occasions and only on my Xenia coral. For the longest time, I thought these little brown spots were just part of the Xenia dying or rotting away -- UNTIL I noticed it moving one day! I then took the piece of Xenia out, dipped it into tank water with Seachem Reef Dip, rinsed it off with new tank water, and flushed the flatworms out of existence. The second time I noticed it was on a different Xenia (one that I didn't dip); I was able to siphon it off the Xenia, it floated in the water and to my surprise, my Clownfish ATE it! I was both surprised and proud that my Clownfish was helping me rid the tank of this pest. So Death by Flushing and Death by Clownfish. Make your Choice. Vermetid snails I added 6 Turbo Snails a few days ago, and the 2 largest of the pack had some noticeable hitchhikers on their shells. I would've swore I saw a worm-like thing quickly enter a calcified burrow on one of the shells. As I observed more closely, I noticed a bunch of mucus strands or slime trail that floats in the water so I may also have Vermetid snails possibly (pretty possible there are multiple types of pests on the shell). When I read up on Vermetid snails and finding out that the mucus strands irritates corals and can even cause them to die, I quickly got to work and removed the 2 large snails from the tank. I took a tooth brush and used the end to try to crush the calcium burrows and remove them from the large snail shells. I rinsed with tap water and brushed the shells hoping it may aid in killing anything else on the shells. Spirorbid Worms Ever since I added the large Turbo snails, now I have countless Spirorbid Worms all over my tank. I see this as a good thing because they are peaceful filter feeders after all, however I would venture to say there are hundreds -- maybe thousands of them all over my tank. Since I do not do water changes in this tank, I wonder if the influx of tiny filter feeders (Spirorbid Worms, Vermetid snails, Pineapple Sponges) is due to the plentiful source of food floating in the water column? Perhaps this is nature's way to bring balance to my tank so everything can live in harmony. Pineapple sponges I didn't know it at the time, but there was a Pineapple sponge hiding within the Chaeto that I purchased off eBay. Fast forward to today, now there's countless Pineapple sponges all over the underside of rockwork and in dark areas of the tank such as behind the heater. Based on my research, these should decline in population over time as the food supply lessens within the water. I tend to like filter feeders overall so at this time, they're a welcome addition to the biodiversity within my tank. Bubble Algae I noticed Bubble Algae on both of the Blastomussa corals that I got from LA. After doing much research, I did not want to get an Emerald crab because based off other hobbyists' experiences, they're 50/50 on whether or not they'll even consume the Bubble Algae. And on top of that, it's 50/50 if they may pick at & eat your corals in the tank. And when they get big, they may even go after your small fish. So, no thanks. Then I was reading about hobbyists' popping the Bubble Algae with tweezers. For the ones that have, they claim the Bubble Algae never came back after they were popped and removed. On top of that, when various hobbyists watched their Emerald crabs eat the Bubble Algae, the Emerald crabs themselves pop the Bubble Algae! For the hobbyists that did not want to pop the Bubble Algae, they were scared if spores would spread. But, others mentioned it may only spread if the Bubble Algae is mature and large. Either way, I went with popping the Bubble Algae with tweezers and I will update this if I notice any coming back. UPDATE: I found out later that any of the BA skin that hid itself within the cracks or floated in the tank eventually repopulated itself. In response, I purchased a small Ruby Emerald Crab to help end this menace once and for all! PICTURES Day 16 (9/26/2019) since starting the Office Nano Reef: Day 43 (10/23/2019): Day 60 (11/9/2019): Day 81 (11/30/2019): Day 112 (12/31/2019): Day 659 (6/30/2021): Day 665 (7/6/2021):
  2. Clearseal Reefspace Deluxe 900 Started 18th Feb 2021 Welcome to the build thread for my Reefspace 900. If your interested the journey actually started in my nano thread HERE. **** TANK SPECS **** Display Tank Water Volume : 245 Litres In Cabinet Sump Water Volume : 103 Litres Total System Water Volume : 348 Litres RO Reservoir Volume : 9 Litres Display Tank Dimensions: L90cm x W50m x H60cm **** EQUIPMENT **** TMC reef pump 4000 return Bubble Magus C3.5 skimmer EHEIM 300 watt heater AI Nero 3, Jecod SOW-8 2 x AI Prime 16HD D-D H2Ocean Compact Auto-Top Up FILTRATION: 20 kg of live rock, 8 kg fine sand 225 micron Red Sea filter sock Seachem Matrix Carbon Mantis bio-filter block TESTING: TMC refractometer Hanna phosphate checker Salifert nitrate, calcium, alkalinity and magnesium test kits TDS meter **** INHABITANTS **** FISH: Dusky Wrasse Scopas Tang Bluestreak Cleaner Wrasse Royal Gramma Yellow Coral Goby 5 x Green Chromis INVERTS / CUC: Snails - Banded Trochus, Cerith, Turbo, Astrea, Nassarius, Orange Lip Conch Shrimp - Peppermint, Cleaner Hermits - Metalic Blue Leg, Halloween, Dwarf Zebra Green bubble tip anemone Sand Sifting Sea Star CORAL: SPS - Montipora - Delicatula, Hirsuta, Forest Fire Digitata, Acropora Austera LPS - Hammer, Duncan, Torch, Orange Yellow Speckled Leptastrea, War Coral, Scolymia Zoas - Radio Active, Blue Hornets, Rastas, Bullseye, Kryptonite, Alien invasion, Red People Eater, Green Implosion Mushrooms - Ricordea Yuma Red, Rhodactis Mussoides, Florida Ricordea, Blue Actinodiscus, Indo Red Rhodactis Hairy Mushroom Green Star Polyps Leathers - Kenya Tree, Toadstool, Cauliflower, Orange (Sarcophyton) Coral I like to keep a track of the tank, progress and additions so regularly keep this thread updated. Feel free to comment or tell me I'm doing it wrong.... I am known for the odd direction change from time to time! This tank has been initially stocked with rock and inhabitants from my nano 15g which was around 8 months old, which is now dry.
  3. The tube returns! Plans - I'm not sure, the Rollands will likely be banished here to keep it cycled. Lots of Macro once it's in season again, maybe an elegance or some euphyllia to just let go nuts in a nutrient-heavy system. I may as well do a little pricing game since I tagged this as a #BudgetReef, I'll update below whenever anything gets added: -Atoll tank, freebie with $130 AI Prime (I sold the light, bought a prime hd for 120 and then sold that - in any case the light's not on the tank so I don't think it counts) -Return pump, came with tank -Finnex Titanium Heater $20 -ABI Tuna Blue PAR 38 $30 ($3 for the lowedepot bargain fixture and $2 for the pie-tin light-shield) 12/20 Replaced with equal-cost NiCrew Hyperreef -Branch Rock $15 -Rolland's Damselfish $20 ($0 after store-credit, but that's kind of cheating) -Dragons Breath $0 (Was $5 for the original frag, but little lydia likes to frag it for me) -Odd Frogspawn morph $0 ( $5 originally, Came from 20L system -should maybe count?) -White Tipped Torch $0 ($10 originally, Came from 20L system -should maybe count?) -Pair of Trochus $3 -Red Legged hermit and shells $2 -4+ dwarf ceriths $0 (compliments of old tank and possible baby-time, still have a few juvie trochus growing up) -Branching Briarium $5 March Additions: -Duncan (purchased by my wonderful wife) $10 -Bravo Favia (Some crazy oaf of a monkey came in and fragged the original $15 animal, what luck!) -Baby Acan colony $20 May Additions: -Chalice coral from 20 Long $0 ($10 or so last year -might need to count?) -Iron Man Disco $12 August Additions: -Neon Green Sinularia $10 -Autumn Favia $5 -Hydor Centrifugal 260 Return pump $25 November Additions: -Gobstopper Zoanthid $3 PP $10 -Miami Hurricane Chalice $5 (Thank you PieMan2k for the ID) -Mystic Monti $Free.99 December Shuffling: -Sinularia swapped with Trumpet coral -Par Bulb swapped for NiCrew $192 Total This is about the tanks, not me, so I decided to post every acrylic-tanks favorite snackfood, Polish... I may have accidentally crazed the whole interior with a paper-towel which previously had rubbing alcohol on it, and it may have taken a few days to polish it clear again. Whole setup is just waiting for a table to sit on, and then will get wet and dirty with some nice pre-cycled rock, I'll even toss a damsel in for color!
  4. ahouseofscales

    Scales' 10G Simple Nano Reef

    Hi all! I am finally starting my first personal saltwater tank! I have managed a saltwater culture lab for the past three years so I have experience but I have never personally kept marine species before. I am excited to get started! Below you'll find some info about my setup and species that I have been looking into. This tank is going to be a mix of a few different things but I'm confident that I can make it work! Please feel free to ask questions! Thanks! Setup: Standard 10 gallon tank 50W Aqueon Heater 10G Aqueon Silent Stream HOB Aquatop MaxFlow CPS-1 Powerhead 20" Finnex Planted+ 24/7 Aragonite Sand Live Rock RO/DI Water (AquaticLife RO Buddie+DI) Instant Ocean Salt Mix Aqueon Glass Lid Refractometer pH + TDS pen API liquid tests Params: 78F Temp 35 ppt Salinity 0 ppm Ammonia 0 ppm Nitrite 20 ppm Nitrate 8.2 pH 11 dKH Current Stock: Green Star Polyp Pulsing Xenia Palys Zoas Green Hairy Mushroom Green SPS Pink/Orange Rock Flower Anemone x1 Blue Leg Hermit Crab x2 Planned Stock: Percula/Ocellaris Clown x1 Shark Nose Goby x2 Peppermint/Cleaner Shrimp x2 Emerald Crab x1 Feather Dusters Macroalgae 7/7/21 Running with dechlorinated tap to test all equipment and settle out the silt from the aragonite. 7/17/21 Running with live rock and inverts!
  5. I am about 7 weeks into my new tank. Everything has been going great until I started to see more green film algae on the glass and red algae (Im guessing cyano) in the live sand (not on top, its in the sandbed between the glass and sand). Some things came up and I had to delay my usual water change for 2 days. Not sure if this is whats causing the GSP to not fully extend. I also noticed some tiny black dots on the glass that are very hard to scrape off and do not appear to move. 2 clownfish doing fine as well as zoas, discosoma, ricordea, clove polyps and cuc. Attached pictures show GSP about 4 days ago and now. Other two pictures show black dots/specks on glass. (Very small, had to use magnifying glass to take pic because phone camera couldnt focus on them). parameters as of today: pH = 8.1 NH3, NO2 = 0 ppm NO3 = 2 ppm SG = 1.0245 temp = 80F PO4 = 0 ppm KH = 9 dKH Ca = 390 ppm Mg = 1230 ppm
  6. Layzie Chi Reefer

    Green AND Teal star polyp mixed frag?

    This is the second time I get a GSP frag. The first time I got it it didn't work for me it started growing and then it started melting away and never found out why. Everything else in my tank was thriving and I just thought I was one of those "lucky" people that gsp didn't take over anything lol. So I just got a new GSP frag about a month ago and it's been spreading very nicely. I just notice a couple days ago that its speading to the bottom of the rock where it's located but its a TEAL color. Its like its transforming itself going from bright Green to Teal. Has anyone else ever seen or experienced anything like this with GSP?
  7. The School Nano Reef: Simplicity Meets Ultra Low Maintenance WHY ARE YOU DOING THIS?! For the past year, the wife really wanted a nano reef tank for her classroom to be viewed by hundreds of students, their parents, and her co-teachers. She was so determined and excited about this that she told all of her co-teachers that she is getting one even before I planned out the logistics of such a feat (since I'm brand new to saltwater tanks and wasn't too eager at the time to spend the time and money to learn such a thing). But, I didn't want to let her and her friends down, thus the School Nano Reef Tank was born on 9/17/2019, a week after my Office Nano Reef Tank was born which can be found here. I also wanted to document this tank separately from my Office Nano Reef since it has been having a host of it's own unique types of issues which included Dino's up until recently which I'll detail in a separate post. MY PRIMARY GOALS I have 3 primary goals for this nano reef: 1. Extremely low maintenance since it can be weeks before I'm able to visit this tank to perform any type of maintenance. 2. To have GSP cover the larger rocks and to have Pom Pom Xenia cover everything else that remains. 3. To have clear water with no odor. EL CHEAPO 10 GALLON AQUEON AQUARIUM FROM PETCO FEATURES ◕ Price: $14.99 (I missed the dollar per gallon sale, but the dream must move forward!) ◕ Tank Length: 20.25" ◕ Tank Width: 10.5" ◕ Tank Height: 12.625" ◕ Material: Glass TANK HIGH LEVEL CHARACTERISTICS ⇨ Aquascape : Nature's Ocean 12-Inch Coral Base Rocks (they gave me 2 gigantic aragonite rocks so I spent hours trying to break them apart by throwing them against the concrete. I was a madman on a mission!) ⇨ Sand : 10 pounds of Nature's Ocean Natural White No.0 Bio-Activ Aragonite Live Sand ⇨ Heater : EHEIM Jager Aquarium Thermostat Heater 50W ⇨ Lighting : NICREW ClassicLED Aquarium Light & Finnex 10" FugeRay Ultra Slim Aquarium LED Light; Current USA Orbit Marine Aquarium LED Light ⇨ Powerheads : Hydor Koralia Nano 240 (2) ⇨ Wave Controller : Hydor Smart Wave Circulation Pump Controller ⇨ Filtration : Marina S20 Power Filter (Filled it with 4 Marina Slim Filter Carbon Plus Ceramic Cartridges.) ⇨ In-Tank Refugium : Drilled custom holes into a Hamiledyi Fish Breeder Box ⇨ Coralline Algae Starter : Pink Fusion Strain & Purple Helix Strain Coralline Algae in a Bottle + Nitrifying Bacteria ⇨ Tank Lid: 20-Inch Aqueon Aquarium AAG29020 Versa Top ⇨ Natural sea water: Imagitarium Pacific Ocean Water, 5 gallons (2) MAINTENANCE ◕ Occasional dosing of Reef Fusion 1 and Reef Fusion 2 to add calcium, alkalinity, and other elements and trace minerals. ◕ Top off with Distilled Water with Instant Ocean's Marine Conditioner that adds protective fish coating and eliminates chlorine, chloramine & heavy metals. ◕ When the water's surface develops an oily film, skim it off with paper towels as needed. Then re-add filtered natural sea water for any water that was removed. ◕ Replace the Marina Slim Filter Carbon Plus Ceramic Cartridges for the Marina S20 Power Filter whenever the need arises. ◕ Clean the sponge filter attached to the Marina S20 Power Filter intake whenever the need arises. MY CORAL CHOICES Red Sea Pom Pom Xenia This was one of the first Xenias that I purchased and I found out that I actually love the Pom Pom Xenia (ORA) variation more due to the pinkish color and larger pulsing effect. So the Red Sea Pom Pom Xenia was banished to the School Nano Reef. Green Star Polyps / GSP The School Nano Reef will only get doses of Calcium and Alk whenever I have time to visit it, which may be weeks at a time. Thus, the only surviving corals that can take such abuse may very well be GSP and Xenia. Let's see how these two hold up in the long run. I'm hoping that the GSP will cover all three huge rocks within this tank within a short period of time. MACROALGAE Chaetomorpha Macroalgae This is part of my magic bullet to keep the phosphates and nitrates down as low as possible. This plus the Xenia will be my main excess nutrient exporters. Red Dragon's Breath Gracilaria Hayi Macroalgae [EATEN by Mexican Turbo Snails] Simply beautiful to put into the display tank. Seems to work best if you can find a way to anchor it down. Red Ogo (Gracilaria Parvispora) Macroalgae [DEAD: Melted in 24 hours] Normally a beautiful bright red & burgundy color and is fast growing, this macroalgae did not survive a 4-day journey through the mail in cold weather conditions to my home. The temperature inside the package felt a bit cold due to the heat pack not holding up for the entirety of the trip. Upon opening the bag, a really foul stench permeated the room. The macroalgae arrived orange and became mostly transparent within 24 hours. Needless to say, I had to remove all of the Red Ogo from the tank. LIVESTOCK 2 Ocellaris Clownfish (ORA) It wouldn't be much of a School Nano Reef without the ultimate stars, Nemo and Marlin. We just love their vibrant colors, overall peacefulness, and their wacky movements! 1 Sharknose Goby Originally in the Office Nano Reef, Goby has made his transition to the School Nano Reef quite well. I often see him first in line to eat when the circulation pumps are switched off. He enjoys laying on top of the enormous "rock bridge" that can be found within this tank. 1 Yellowtail Damselfish To make this tank even more appealing for all the kids staring at it, how can you forget about Dory. Hopefully, Dory won't become too aggressive as time goes on. This damselfish was also originally within the Office Nano Reef. 1 Scarlet Skunk Cleaner Shrimp from Sri Lanka The larger of the two Cleaner Shrimp that was in the Office Nano Reef makes his debut to the School Nano Reef. He spends much of his time hiding under the "rock bridge" or off to the side. Still hungry as ever and even swims upside down on the water's surface when the food pellets hit the water. 1 Stocky Cerith Snail [PRESUMED DEAD: Haven't seen the Stocky Cerith Snail in awhile] These snails are hard workers and they even clean on the edge where the sand meets the glass. 1 Banded Trochus Snail They are excellent algae eaters and do a great job cleaning the brown diatoms off the glass. They are able to right themselves if they fall upside-down onto the sand. 1 Astrea Snail [PRESUMED DEAD: After closer examination, I believe the one I have left is actually a Banded Trochus Snail.] I hear these snails cannot right themselves if they fall upside down into the sand. Somehow, this snail has defied all logic and is still alive. If he does fall upside down, there are about 14 hermit crabs waiting for their next free meal. 2 Zebra Turbo Snails I was looking for Mexican Turbo Snails and the LFS told me that these were them. I found out later that they lied and they're actually Zebra Turbo Snails. All of these are large (~2"). 2 Turbo Snails I got these snails for my Office Nano Reef to take care of some cotton candy algae that may have hitchhiked onto the Chaeto that I bought off eBay. I found out that the smaller ones (~1") tend to pass it by which are the ones that I currently have. They were purchased at a LFS under the name "Turbo Snail", but the LFS employee said they should be Mexican Turbo Snails, but by the look of their shells, I do not think they are. They never did eat the cotton candy algae so they were banished to the School Nano Reef. I later added 2 additional larger (2"+) snails and confirmed that at least 1 of these does eat cotton candy algae. I have a feeling one or both of the larger snails are in fact Mexican Turbo Snails, but I'm listing it under the generic Turbo Snails just to be safe. 13 Blue Leg Hermit Crabs These Blue Leg Hermit Crabs can be interesting to watch. I always enjoy watching them switching shells and then sometimes switching back. 1 Electric Orange Hermit Crab As the story goes, I ordered 6 Banded Trochus Snails from LA, but only received 3 Banded Trochus Snails, 2 empty shells, and a hermit crab! Well, shown below is the hermit crab and it has grown much larger than my other Blue Leg Hermit Crabs! a ton of Tisbe Copepods Our unseen clean up crew behind the scenes. They sometimes sacrifice themselves as lunch for any hungry fish waiting for their next daily meal. HITCHHIKERS Asterina Starfish I have read mixed feelings on these aquarium pests. Depending on which you have, some may eat corals, but most will leave them alone. They normally consume algae and some hobbyists report Coralline algae as well. These hitchhiked onto a rock with GSP on it that I purchased from a new-to-me LFS. I welcomed them to the School Nano Reef because some students were asking if we could get some Starfish for the tank. Now we got a few "baby" Starfish. Hopefully it'll never turn into hundreds or thousands of these little Starfish. PICTURES Day 60 (11/16/2019) since starting the School Nano Reef: Day 76 (12/2/2019): Day 89 (12/15/2019): Day 96 (12/22/2019):
  8. AquaristShelle

    Growing Hole in GSP. What should I do?

    (Edited: the bristle worm is no longer living in the coral. The hole is my primary concern now. It appears to have grown over the 14 days I've had the coral, and the last two days the polyps have been tightly closed. The first photo is from day one, the second is from day 12.) I got my first coral, a quarter-sized GSP frag at a swap last week. It looks... okay. I didn't dip it before adding (I know, I know) and only about half to 1/3 of the polyps will extend. Upon getting the frag home, I immediately saw a bright orange bristle worm curl up inside the coral. There's a raw hole through the coral's purple 'flesh', and I don't know what to do. In the pictures (sorry they're so blurry!) you can see the orange worm hiding inside the hole, and then crawling across the GSP. Did the worm eat its way into the coral? I'm pretty confident this isn't a bearded fireworm so I'm leaning away from that idea. However, the hole looks like it's growing 😬 Did the coral start to die back first, and then the worm moved in? Is the worm irritating the coral, causing the polyps to stay closed? Making the hole bigger? Ultimately I wonder, should I remove the worm? Is my coral dying regardless of the worm? I'm also a complete novice when it comes to coral care, so maybe the GSP is just taking a long time to acclimate. My water is: 0,0,0, 80F, 1.025, 7-8dKh, calcium 480, mag 1320, and phosphate is undetectable with my API test. Any advice would be great! Thanks 🙂
  9. Hello I just set up my first marine tank on October 23. It is a 20long ends up holding 16gallons total. I'm Using a koralia 240 and a 20 hob (filled with polyfill), running a willis 165watt light (8 blue and 4 white on the control knobs) Added 2 damsel fish 3 days ago and a Gsp today (I'll post pics when it opens up). Ammonia 0 nitrite 0 nitrate was barely detectable. If anyone had any advice or tips that's would be awesome I'd love to learn all I can! A couple questions I had was how often do i feed and should I use a glass lid.
  10. Pico5

    Is my GSP Dead/Dying

    Hello All. I am new to reefing and I recently added a GSP to my 5 gallon pico tank about a week and a half ago. It looked perfectly healthy when I bought it. Since then it has not opened and it seems like it’s peeling.. please help and give me more information !
  11. Started this tank March 4, 2018. Equipment: -water pump upgraded to AQ600 (doubled flow to ~160 GPH) -50W heater -light upgraded to Current Orbit IC LED LOOP system (21 Watts, 36 LEDS) Stock: ~3.5 lbs of live rock -Clown  -CUC of 4 hermits -GSP -mushroom -Zoa’s -devils hand leather -supplemental phytoplankton -found what looks like a tulip anemone wondering if I should get rid of it asap Filter: -sponge filter -Phosgaurd -activated carbon -ceramic filter rings   Notes: -Experimenting with cheato in the display, because it’s a small system with no fuge I thought if I could keep it contained it may act as a nutrient sink. -20-50% water changes weekly -Want an anemone, not sure what kind, wondering if I’ll need a wavemaker before I can keep one healthy -temp stays around 78-79, salinity 1.024, I have yet to get a test kit (next on the list), but water changes seem to keep everything running smoothly so far. -New light made a huge difference in pics -pics are from March 4-August 6, 2018 -Any advice is appreciated
  12. So today is finally here, today I move from the original Pico to the new one. I figured I would start a new journal and detail it from now as well as go into more detail about the setup, what was built and what was bought. FTS 3/14/18 FTS 10/8/17 More to come... Set up consists of : -2 X 2.5 gallon aquariums (Total tank volume after rock and media displacement is roughly 3 gallons) -Roughly 5lbs of live rock -256gph pond pump with two outlets - one up top for surface tension, one lower for flow through middle of tank -Diy led, 4 blue, 6 royal blue, 4 warm white and 3 cool whites on 3 channels powered by laptop power supplies and dc motor dimmers. -LEDs are 3 w, 3v ordered off ebay, non branded -Tank was drilled with a dremel and Bulkheads are made from male and female pvc adapters (After tank was drilled and bulkheads were siliconed in I mixed and poured a two part epoxy resin about 1/4 inch thick to reinforce the glass and pcv) -Sump is a simple 2 chamber design, water flows through filter floss-chemipure-a box of MarinePure biofilter media-purigen-return pump -DIY ATO - Float switch connected to DC 12v relay which controls a 40gph pump in the reservoir -Temperature controller is a 5$ board bought off ebay, set temp and a fan will kick on when needed, it sits directly over the return side of the sump. Keeps the temperature between 79-81 Coral list: Hammer Candycane /trumpet Kenya tree Pink xenia Duncan GSP Clove polyp Purple gorgonian Orange rhodactis mushroom Green rhodactis mushroom yellow/green plate coral five kinds of palys - will update closeup pictures for help with identification eleven different types of zoas - will update closeup pictures for help with identification *when it comes to zoas and palys I have come to learn that most of them have made up names. My 'laser lemons' were actually purple people eaters... * Any questions about the setup, feel free to ask.
  13. ihglifelol

    FREE GSP?!?!

    I was at my lfs and looked at the corals, i wantd 1 for my 1 gallon pico as the only coral in it, I wanted gsp but they didnt have it so i decided to buy a kenya tree coral, once getting larger, i frag it, put it in the pico, so i put the kenya tree in 1 of my other tanks, a 5 gallon. I looked at it and saw these tiny little guys. 😁. have a white center, is a pale green. did i get FREE gsp palys 😀
  14. Hello, I had a circulation pump, which stopped working a few days ago. I'm thinking to buying a return pump, because it's more cheaper! For my aquarium with soft corals how many gallon per hour would be better? Maybe 130 gph? Bye
  15. Hi all, here is a link to my evo 12 with livestock. Hope it looks good and I can’t wait to get more corals in it. Sorry for the terrible editing, I had to do it on my phone since my computer is messed up.
  16. TheBig053

    FS: Green Star Polyps

    I have three different size pieces of GSP mat for sale. These are not on plugs but are nice, thick, lush pieces of GSP. Large (~3" x 2.5") - $15 Medium (~2.5" x 1.5") - $10; small (~1.5"-1") - $5 the medium sized piece is attached to a small piece of rock. All three for $25. I'd prefer local pick up in the northern Virginia/DC area, but will consider shipping at your expense. PM if interested. Thanks!
  17. Tyler_Fishman

    1 gal nano reef (new additions)

    After about 4 months of trial and error and perfecting the setup, everything in my 1 gal tank seems to have stableized, you can't be too sure about these setups although, one second you'll have a booming mini ecosystem the next you'll have a watery graveyard devoid of life, that's what I've been going through ever since late July. Some history on the tank: The tank was started when I recvied a one gal jewelry holder, it had 3 drawers, my 1st attempt at a nano reef in about March was uncessful and I closed the project after about 3 weeks into my initial cycle, at that time the tank had a tetra 1-3 gal filter on it and an air stone, in late July I recvied a small piece of Dry rock from the Dominican Republic after a family member came home from vacation, they thought it looked neat and gave it to me, I seeing as I had a nano tank lying around, I now did some more reaserch and decided it would be best if I put my 5-10 gal tetra fliter on the setup, and my cycle begun, I cycled my tank on raw talapia, and waited. After many blooms of various organisms, I only had a 5000k LED bulb on the setup at the time, which grew algae like mad my first attempt at adding coral and 2 snails failed the 1st time, but a couple of days ago, my algae started clearing up and I noticed my microfauna population is really booming, and so I purchased a trochus snail and another GSP frag, I also added blue LEDS and another filter that will act as a refugium and help to add more flow
  18. Kinda sucks this is my first post on a forum I lurk almost daily on. but anyways, I noticed with my first 2 corals I have bought (a pulsing xenia & GSP) that one is doing great and the other looks like it's been receding. My xenia is growing and doing really nice so I wont talk about that one, but instead on my GSP. I know that you have to give a coral some time to acclimate to the tank and leave it alone. and afaik sometimes with GSP it can look pretty bad before bouncing back. well I decided to look at it more closely and i saw this white flatworm move in some of the crevices. I decided a freshwater dip would be best for about a minute, but besides the amphipods it didnt want to come off, I manually used my aquascaping tongs to reach into the coral and pull the flatworm out. well after putting the coral back into the tank, i must have agitated the flatworms, because i have pulled another two off the coral. tank specs to best of my knowledge size: 10g 2.5 months old 1.025 ppt salinity 0 ppm ammonia 0 ppm nitrite 0 ppm nitrate ~180 ppm kh 2 20" stingray LED on timer chaeto refugium AC 20 sponge filter 1 occ clown & TSB 3 electric blue hermits 1 trocus snail ~ the question is, can I have an ID on this flatworm? I searched online and this forum but cannot find anything that looks like it. And if anyone knows what it is can they tell me if they are beneficial or parasitic? could this be the reason my GSP is not doing well? Thanks ahead of time for the replies,
  19. Hey all, I seek someone close to SW Michigan, 49022, to buy, sell and trade some corals. My 30 gal cube is growing fast and I have solid frags ready to go, pulsating Xenia, Duncans and GSP, I might even start fragging my Kenya Anyone?
  20. IfYouAskNicely

    My first SW tank, a 2.5g

    Hello! So, I've been interested in biology in general from a pretty young age, I've had and still have various freshwater tanks since before middle school or so, and I'm going into my senior year of college now in San Diego(pretty moderate climate). A half a year ago or so I got the saltwater bug, and have been lurking on a bunch of forums and such learning about corals specifically. The final straw was when my boss, who has a 300 gallon reef tank at my work, told me that he would give me frags for free from pretty much any coral in his tank. So, I decided to make a reef tank, with the goal in mind that I'm a broke ass college student and so I'm going to spend as little money as possible. I've read all over the place about how the bigger the saltwater the tank, the easier it is to maintain, but that's obviously not 100% true as evidenced by everyone's experiences here. I decided to go for a challenge for my first saltwater tank by using a 2.5 gallon vase, and Maritza the Vase Reef was some of my primary inspiration. The only equipment running in it are an airline and a heater(and a battery powered thermometer to check the heaters not fritzing), as well as the light which is a I think 10watt compact flourescent 50/50 bulb. My phone's super crappy right now, so I'm going to try and borrow someone else's for a little and then I will upload pictures. It has been running for probably four months or so now. The first month was rough but I attribute that to the fact that I used an old heater, it malfunctioned and basically turned everything to soup. Since then though I've been steadily adding more and more corals, sometimes 3 a week, sometimes I won't add any for a month. The only not coral livestock I put in there that didn't come with the live rock is a small hermit crab and a bumpy red crab I took from the tidepools(sshhhhhhh). The only coral deaths I've had have been mushrooms which weren't able to attach high enough and were pulled into the bumpy crabs lair and eaten, and a small stock of pulsing Xenia which shriveled up over the course of a month or so. All the corals I have now are growing or at least static in their growth and don't seem unhealthy. I've heard that pulsing Xenia actually like slightly higher nitrate and phosphate levels, and so that's why I think they died, because my maintenance consists of weekly 90-100% water changes/glass scrubbing as well as taking the main rock out and scrubbing algae and detritus off with a toothbrush. I do the huge water changes because the tank is so small, and I also put quite a bit of reef roids into the tank the day before I clean it and change the water. Another thing which is fairly unconventional, but I haven't tested my water in any way since starting the tank. I rely on the fact that I buy premixed water from a reputable store and change basically all my water out with fresh water with the right parameters. Yes I still top off with RO/DI water from evaporation, I just keep the water level consistent though instead of using a refractometer. Only reason I don't test is because I'm on a tight budget. I have a feather worm in there and I've heard that they are VERY sensitive to water conditions and so I just make sure he's doing good and all is well. I'll try and upload pictures later today!
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