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Found 131 results

  1. Erik the Red

    Change rocks in running tank

    Hey, I’m running a 30G AIO tank with a mix reef and a couple of ocellaris clownfish. I had to buy the rocks which are currently in the tank online, because there's not a big shop-choice around the place where I live. However, the rocks do not satisfy me as they’re really difficult to arrange in a decent aquascape. Water circulation is very bad. For this reason I have bought a box of CaribSea Belize Branch rocks. I’d like to provide a more homogeneous flow around the corals and to avoid “tunnelling” the flow in specific areas. …a part from the fact that the branch rocks are huge, I have the issue of removing the older rocks from the tank and insert the new ones without causing the tank to collapse. Do you have any idea of how I could do? The Belize Branch rocks are obviously dry rocks, but they are supposed to have a dry bacteria patina over them. Is anyone aware if this helps? What I was thinking to do is to let them soak for a couple of weeks in a box containing the water I remove from the tank when doing the water changes. Then switch the older rocks from the aquarium with the branches at once. I have, in any case, a compartment of my AIO’s tank full of smaller live rocks which, I hope, will help the transition. I would be grateful for any help! Thank you 🙂
  2. Hi all, ive been looking into keeping coral and a fish in a 5 gallon tank. Is it safe to keep a fish in a tank that size? I tried to look it up but I keep getting conflicting information but I heard it’s good to have a fish with coral so that they can each benefit each other. Would it be better to keep inverts? Any info/advice would be appreciated 😁 Thanks!
  3. ** UPDATE: they died 😢 ** Yesterday I bought a couple hermits, 2 turbo snails and a cleaner shrimp. I acclimated the turbos and hermits together for about half an hour and put them in the tank, then acclimated the shrimp for almost an hour. The hermits and shrimp seem to be doing well. They're exploring their new home and eating lots of noms. My turbos on the other hand are not. They moved a bit when I put them in the tank (I put them in gently btw) and then they both just flopped upside down and looked like buttholes. I continuously checked on them throughout the night to see if they would move or if any of my other CUC ended up dying, but everything was the same. I took them out of tank bc if they were dead I didn't want them to crash the tank but put them in a small bowl with new salt water in case they were alive. As soon as I put them in the bowl they started moving -.- They only peeped their eyes out of their shells and adjusted themselves slightly. So it wasn't much movement. But it was movement. I put them back in the tank and they moved a little again. I noted their positions and went to bed. The next morning I saw them in the same position I left them in so I grabbed a chopstick so I can kinda move them in the tank to see if they would react, which they did. They're not dead but are pretty lathargic. Is this normal?? I don't want them dying bc I love them. Please! any advice is greatly appreciated!!!!! ❤️❤️
  4. Hello Everybody, This is my first reef tank and my first post. I am planning to start a nano reef. I would like to receive some comments or feedback on my planned setup. Anything mentioned in bold also has a link related to it except this one. Right Click on the link to open it. 1. Tank & Tank Lid: Aqueon 15 gallon tank -Is this a good tank? Why not go with this compared to AIO kits like Fluval Evo or JBJ 15 Nano RL? I wont be using a filter so I dont think that I need the extra compartment. L * W * H : 24.5 * 12.5 * 12.75 Aqueon Lid 2.Powerhead : Hydor Koralia Nano Powerhead : The maximum volume wont be more than 15 gallons. I am going with 240 GPH version which will be 16 times the total volume of tank. Till what point will this suffice or will it be too much? One of the posts by Christopher Marks mentions that it shoud be 7x-10x times the total volume i.e. 15*10 = 150 gph. 3.Thermometer 4.Refractometer 5.Reef Lighting Current USA Orbit Marine : PAR depth : 6" - 9" -> 120 - 70, 70 - 50 -> 9" - 12", Colors : Blue(445 nm, 460 nm), Red(640 nm),Green(520 nm),White(6500K/8000K), 18W, 90$ Fluval Nano Marine Bluetooth LED : PAR depth : 3" -> 600, 6" -> 212, 12" -> 75, Colors : 460nm, 620nm, 3000K, 6500K, 15000K, 20W, 100$, I like the Fluval Nano marine.? 6.Live Sand My choice : Caribsea Arag-Alive Special Grade Sand Coarser sand. As the flow rate(240 gph) is high(according to me), I was thinking about using coarser sand so that the sand does not get blown around the tank. Using coarser sand leads to debris so want to keep the sand bed depth to 1 in - 1.25 inch in. Popular Choice : Caribsea Arag-Alive Fiji Pink Sand Finer sand. I feel that the powerhead will blow the sand all around the tank. Using this sand has advantages like less debris getting stuck. Any suggestions? Any wrong assumptions I have made? 7.RO/DI Water Multiple options are present. -Home Depot : 6$ for 5 gallons. -Walmart : 5 gallon jugs -lfs 8.Instant Ocean Sea Salt Mix : 9.Live Rock Caribsea Life Rock : 20 lb (~ 1.15 lb per gallon). Is this enough or will more be required or is that a dynamic decision to take? 10.Filtration Mechanical : None. Chemical : None. Biological : Live Rock + Live Sand. 11.Ebo Jager 75W Heater Will also have a backup heater. 12.Red Sea Marina Test Care Kit -Test Quantity : pH(100), kh(55), Ammonia(100), Nitrate(60), Nitrite(100) -Cost : 40$ 13.Clean Up Crew -No crabs. -Snails/Shrimps/Conch 3 Cerith Snails : diatoms on sand & rocks, film algae, detritus off sand and rocks, cyanobacteria 3 Trochus Snails : diatoms on sand & rocks, film algae, few cyanobacteria, hair algae, cleans glass & rocks 2 Nassarius Snails : detritus on and in sand, sand stirrer, leftover food, 3 Bumblebee Snails : Eat algaes, Detritus off rocks and sand, Reach cranks and crevices Maybes : Blood fire shrimp and a fighting conch. 14. Fish Ocellaris Clownfish Percula Clownfish Royal Gramma Basslet I would like to know in what order should I add the crew and fish. How many crew should be added at first. What will be the right time to add a fish? Is the clean up crew too much? Please let me know if this is a good setup? Any feedback will be appreciated. Thanks, okale
  5. Catherine

    Clownfish/hi fin in a 10g?

    Hello all, im considering getting a 10 gallons tank and putting a clownfish in it. Would 10 gallons be too small? I tried researching/browsing forums but it’s sort of a mixed bag of responses. If I do get a 10 gallon would it be possible to put a hi fin goby with it as well or would it be better to do one or the other? Is there a smaller variety of clownfish that would do better in a 10g? Thanks!
  6. Hello, What are the best clip on lights that will make my coral the most colorful? All the lights I see online seem like they just make everything look blue which isn’t the look that I’m going for. The lighting I see from like professional YouTube channels makes everything look so pretty though is probably too big an expensive for what I’m looking for. Any recommendations for a clip on light $200 or under that can bring out corals? Thanks!
  7. Catherine

    Hi fin goby in a 5g

    Hello, I’m looking into keeping a 5 gallon reef tank and I’ve heard people recommend single gobies in a 5 gallon. Are there any types of hi fin gobies that can be kept in such a small tank? Or would I be better off with inverts and a goby? I’m new to saltwater and have only previously kept freshwater aquariums so any fish/invert recommendations would be appreciated. Thanks!
  8. Catherine

    5 gallons reef filtration

    As I’m researching reef tanks, I keep seeing sumps and I’m not completely sure what they are. Is It just another type of filter? Do I need more advanced filtration for a 5 gallon reef tank than a HOB? I was planning on using a seachem tidal 35 since it says it has a built in surface skimmer but now I’m not sure if that’s gonna be enough filtration since I’ve seen people use sumps for pico tanks. My other concern is that the media basket is gonna be too small since I have it on my 20 gallons freshwater aquarium and it’s pretty tight but I don’t know if the next size up would fit on my 5 gallon tank. Plus I don’t want it to be an eye sore when I actually fill up the tank since it’s cube shaped with no designated spot to hide equipment. Also, for filtering I was going to use the bio bag and sponge that it comes with along with some carbon and filter floss. Is there any other and/or better filter media I should use instead? 🤔 thanks!
  9. i got a pair 4 days ago and they are always on the top left from my aquarium, never seen them go anywhere else and they seem to struggle with the flow. They have been eating since 3 days but only small amounts. Are they just getting used to the tank or is there something else wrong i have a blue marine reef 60 with an additional pump. Brand is tunze but I forgot the what the exact one was?
  10. Hi everyone, i'm new to this forum so I don't so I don't know if i'm posting this in the right place. But I was curious how much ammonia a juvenile clownfish is capable of producing. specifically in a 28 gallon tank. Its been cycling for 25 days and went 2 ppm of ammonia twice + whatever small amount of ammonia the shrimp produced while it was in their. I've had a light diatom bloom but left the lights off since. The plan this weekend to get 2 hermit crabs or 2 trochus snails along with a bottle of bacteria to ensure they live. And add a clown if all goes well. My tank is only going through about 0.25 ppm daily. Is that enough for a clownfish?
  11. HOW I STARTED MY FIRST SALTWATER TANK Hello! And welcome to my first ever saltwater tank! I chose a 29G tank because it fit perfectly in my home office. I'll list more information about my tank specs at the bottom on this thread, so feel free to skip ahead if you don't need to learn from my very n00b mistakes 😄 TANK AGE: I started my tank Mar 10 2021, and added fish pretty quickly since I used both live rock and water from a local aquarium shop that did my tank installation & setup. Everything on the tests were fine, and correct bacteria dosage was added as a precautionary supplement. Tank status the morning before the first TEV: 2 juvenile Black Snowflake Clowns (was trying to pair, different sizes), 1 Sailfin Tang, 1 Green Polyp XS TANK TEVS (tank events) 1. The Seaweed Mishap I knew Tangs liked seaweed. I gave my tang Cheese a little too much seaweed. He tore it apart and it got everywhere. I didn't know what to do. I grew up in Monterey, CA. Seaweed is everywhere. Everything seemed fine. But no, this was dried seaweed. And you're not supposed to leave it in for more than 2-3 hours (I think don't trust me on this pls). This messed with my nitrate levels pretty bad. I really wanted to add another coral to my tank. I was TOO EAGER. 2. The Maintenance Day of Doom Oh boy was I so unaware of what was yet to come. I brought water to be tested at my other local fish store so that I knew it was safe to buy a coral. They told me I needed water changes. CHANGES yes, I too almost underestimated how many changes I was going to need. But more on that later, lets first start with my first ever water change. I drained 20% of the water, then added in ROI (is that the acronym? I'm hard of hearing and its so hard to hear the employees at the shop when they speak through their mask) water and to dilute the salinity and some of the nitrates. I let it run for ~ 1 hour to let all that "good-good" mix around with the water. Then I drained the tank again 50% and added more water. But I was foolish and did it by myself. And didn't use my hand. The water splashed....everywhere...it was so cloudy.. 3. Death Roe The unenthusiastic clownfish that was forced to become the male died first. He was weak because they were fighting for their first day (a couple weeks prior). A day later the female clown died. My Tang then came down with really bad ich. He died the next day as well. My Green Polyp was the only guy to survive. 3 water changes and 1 week later, I added 2 blue chromis to get some poop in there... but they died. It is because I bought them at petsmart. It was a bad batch. Don't recommend. Since then, I upgraded the filter, heater, thermometer, protein skimmer, and light. So it is basically like a brand new tank. Most of the gear is controlled by wifi automatically I love it so much. It is so worth the money if you want a low stress tank. I also got some really healthy live rock teaming with all kinds of healthy organisms from another local aquarium shop. My new fully paired clownfish are also doing very well. I have another cool coral frag that I will share about later. There is a BUNCH of tank drama around this coral at night. It is so fun to watch! Don't worry all this "drama" is literally just an ecosystem with a food chain. In the ocean, each species has its own way of protecting itself, and thats no different in this tank! The fish stay out of it, and the coral benefit from the organisms fighting over the seaweed. TODO: I will get to this things soon! It is night and I do not want to disturb my tank's auto light schedule. - Add images of tank and equipment setup - Add images of wildlife in tank - Add specs of gear - Add image of completed home office Please tag along for my journey or learn from it so no more fish are lost.
  12. Help! I set up my 16-gallon Biocube yesterday and something is wrong with the pump that came with it. I currently have live rock, sand, a fluval fan, and saltwater in the tank. In the back I have media, a heater, and the pump the tank came with. I was expecting a hum noise from the pump but it is very loud. To the point we have to raise our voices to talk if we’re in the same room as the tank. It sounds like a very loud buzzing noise coming from the pump. I’ve tried moving it in the chamber and playing with the suction cups on the bottom of it and the noise still persists. Any advice on what to do or other pumps to try?
  13. ZaneyNano

    ZaneyNano - getting started

    Aquarium CADE Pro Reef Mini PR400 - 55l tank capacity - 15l back sump area - (approx 14 gallons inhabitable space) Lighting Kessil Tuna Blue A160WE with Kessil Spectral Controller Filtration (back of tank) Small Carbon filter Pad, Serra Ceramic rings, Marine Pure ceramic blocks, Blue Life ClearFX Pro bag (small) Skimmer Stock Skimmer Heater None currently in use Cooler Aquael nano cool ATO Manual - Ripple Aqua Nano to be installed. Additional water movement Old Tunze mini powerhead 600l/h. Sicce Voyager Nano 1000 to be installed Current Additives - all occasionally Polyplab One Polylab Reef Roids Aqua Forest -NitraPhos Minus Seachem - Prime ARKA - Microbe Lift, Trace Elements Generic Iodine Fish - none currently Inverts Sand shifting star Some snails Coral Star Polyp Torch Coral Green Zoas War Favia ? Cleaning Flipper nano - daily Water changes 2-5 litres every couple of days Weekly Skimmer clean and filter pad cleaning Weekly sand siphoning and turkey blast rocks Hi all - I have recently joined Nano-Reef after finding the site and have already been inspired by so many amazing and different aquariums on here and charting their development I have decided to keep my own journal as I progress - hopefully positively - with this new little aquarium of mine. In particular I would be looking for friendly advice, tips and information on anything and everything! There is so much to know in this hobby every bit helps. I'll try and keep this as updated as possible. Some background; I grew up in coastal NSW loving the marine life that was so accessible either through snorkeling, fishing or generally always being at the beach. I wanted to have a little bit of that world in me bedroom so I ended up keeping what would now be called a pico tank in the mid 90s as a 15 year old - and somewhat unsuccessfully at first! It was definitely a steep learning curve and there was not much support back then - no real internet and LFS owners were all grumpy old men who seemed to dislike anyone being in their shops! I was finally happy with it when I simplified it as much as possible - it was essentially two nice, small, coraline encrusted pieces of live rock with a bi-colour blenny darting about. it was a bare bottom tank and i loved how simple it was and I would watch that fish for a good ling time. At the same time, I also got hold of an old battered fish tank that I threw in an under gravel filter and some hitching posts and successful kept some Kuda seahorses for a few years which lived on nothing but frozen brine shrimp. Seahorses are one of my most favourite marine creatures along with sharks and octopus. These aquariums entangled me enough in the hobby that I went on to purchase a custom made 4 foot aquarium with back sump filled with bio balls and that was about it. The lights were simple combination of tube lighting - pre-T5 days! I had big plans for it but was aware of its limitations and was daunted my first coral failings in the pico tank that i was so cautious that I didnt really progress much with this bigger tank other than keeping a variety of fish and some nice live rock. I bought a baby hippo tang that grew quite large and that was essentially the highlight. I packed up the tanks in the late 90s to go back packing in Europe where I stayed for the next 15 years or so. Getting re-started Moving back to Australia and having a slightly larger place to live (though still small!) i re-ignited my interest in aquarium keeping. I began scoping out options and visiting LFS trying to decide what would work best for me and the constraints I have with time, money and space. I have always been attracted to Nano tanks because I find they can fit so aesthetically in a small home and they remind me somewhat of rock-pooling as a kid. Tiny little worlds filled with so much life and colour and interest! So, I decided a nano tank it would be! My initial idea was to have a plain 40cmX40cmX40cm all starphire glass aquarium with nothing other than a tunze commline skimmer and some simple live rock to act as the filter. I saw a set up like this at the LFS and thought it was perfect - a simple scape, one or two fish and some coral! However, I had heard that CADE aquariums were a great AIO and when an opportunity to pick a brand new one up for absolute bargain at the end of 2019 I jumped at it and so it began ! Once getting the tank set up and in position I wanted to cycle the tank as quickly as possible. Nano Reef beginnings My idea was still to have a simple off-centre scape with a lot of anti-space preferably with some nice volcanic rock as a base but when I got to the LFS I saw an amazing big piece of live rock that whilst I was concerned would be too big - might be a great single rock to wedge corals in and around - almost looking like some sort of mini coral atoll dominating the tank. So I bought that and some Dr Tim's as well as black 'live sand' ( i really wanted to go bare bottom but the bottom of the tank under the glass looked too ugly) and set off to get things underway. Fortunately I live near the coast in Sydney so have access to (usually) really good quality natural seawater and was able to set up my tank with this rather than salt mix. I like to collect seawater near the kelp beds as I think their is likely some really good nutrients in and around that area and also that they are high flow areas that look super clean. The tank cycled super quick with the Dr Tim's, live rock and sand. I discarded the heater almost immediately due to the Sydney summer and bought a little fan cooler which seems do at least take the edge off. With the tank ready to accept livestock I bought a tiny plain aquacultured ocellaris clown in orange and enjoyed seeing them swimming around while I worked on improving a few features. Primarily, I swapped out the stock LED strip light which seemed to heat the tank up too much for a Kessil 160 Tuna Blue. I was tossing up for a long time between an AI Prime and a Kessil but again a great deal came up on the Kessil so I went with that. Adding the spectral controller has been great as the tank can ramp up and down incrementally throughout the day while I am at work. I then added a black clown which was slightly larger but seemed to get on well with the orange one. All was going well until enter - some classic NOOB mistakes! My partner always wanted a puffer fish which I knew get too big and required a massive tank dedicated to their needs and high polluting lives. However, when they saw a little spotted box fish at the LFS they demanded they have it! I knew it was a mistake but considering I was allowed the fishtank in the first place I went with it hoping for the best. Unfortunately the box fish pretty soon developed ICH and passed it on to the clowns. They continued to eat well but soon went downhill fast and all ended up dead within a month. As gutted as I was, it was a good reminder to stick to the game plan and not be swayed - currently going fallow has also allowed me to take it slow again and let the tank mature slowly before re introducing fish. The other mistake made was purchasing a NPS Gorgonian which also went down hill fast despite the LFS insistence it was not fully NPS and was happily feeding and subsisting on good light. I love sea fans so much I didnt stop and think enough. Again another great learning to stick to the live stock I have researched that will have a better chance of success in a small nano. Current state Currently I have some star polyps that a re doing really well, a small torch and a small frag of zoas oh and i think a war favia? All seems to be doing well and I am looking for them to hopefully taking hold before adding anything further. I have been adding a little bit of reef roids and some Polylab One but I dont like how it clouds the tank for soooo long. I have a ripple aqua ATO to come to help keep levels steady as well as a sicce nano to improve flow. I am really invested into this and want to make the tank a success for many years. As such I am welcome to as much advice, tips, comments, criticisms as much as possible to achieve this whilst i also read as many other journals as possible If anyone has ideas around better placement of current corals and ideas for future corals and their placement it would be greatly appreciates Will update more as things progress. Here is an early tank pic (excuse quality its a video still from iphone)
  14. This is my first reef tank. I want to document how I started my reef tank. And the fun journey now begins. Spent only $150 on tank with stand. $200 for everything else with test kits. January 17th/ 2021 Started the tank off with Auqaforest BIO S. Fluval 13.5 reef tank Fluval reef tank stand 12 pounds of rock. Fluval sea mini protein skimmer Fluval salt salinity measure Fluval heater 40w Marina powered temp checker Aquaforest reefsalt 2kg bag Gravle vacuum Marina glass cleaner **Fluval led stock** retired March 2021 SPECIAL Thank you to WAI'S AQUARIUM LTD CALGARY, AB I wanted to try some really fine sand but that was a mistake and now have to switch it out with water changes as I clean tank. anyone have any experience with adding in sand should I do a cup a week to not make my level spike with the new sand that I will be adding in? January 20th 2020 added sand and rock to the tank. February 3rd 2020 added 4 snails, 3 crabs, two blue chromes, 2 long nose snails (forget what they are called lol).
  15. JordanD321

    Cycling question

    Hi all, first time posting so hopefully i've chosen the right discussion! Im currently cycling my 10g water box cube with Dr Tims ammonia/ one and only, 10 days in. I've followed the directions correctly and avoided dosing any more ammonia if the reading is above 2ppm in this case the only time i've dosed was day 1. Im currently using RedSea test kits and my results are as pictured. my question is my nitrite and nitrate have been climbing quite significantly over the last week as you can see, but my ammonia has dropped but then almost seem's stuck at 1.2ppm my understanding is that as nitrite climbs, ammonia drops and so on for nitrate. I know that it's early on i just imagined i would see a decrease in ammonia as there is an increase elsewhere... if anyone has any advice, should i do a water change or just leave it a little longer? and if you need any more info please feel free to ask 🙂 temp - 25.5/26 apex el salinity ( 1.025) i have heard the bacteria likes low salinity so i could drop that if people think its worth it. also Im using lfs ro/di water but have my own unit arriving tomorrow. i did not test the water before starting the cycle. thanks for the help in advance 🙂 Happy reefing, Jordan
  16. Hello, My first coral, which is also a test coral, is losing color "and polypes" at it base. I need help to identifying the cause(s)😢. The coral is a seriatopora hystrix introduced this Wednesday (24/02/2021) after acclimation and a quick dip in CoralRx. The tank is 2 months old and was started with 7kg (15lbs) of indo live rocks. Its parameters are (tested with Salifert test kits): temp 26°C (78.8°F) salinity oscillating between 25-26 measured yesterday phosphate 0,03 nitrite 0,002 nitrate 0,005 total ammonia 0,25 true ammonia 0,0176 ph 8,25 measured 3 days ago KH/ALK 10,2 Ca 445 Mg 1470 Salt brand: instant ocean Light: GNC bluray M Flow: nero 3 Here photos at day 1, 3 and 4 after introduction (the zoanthids can be ignored) + a photo from above at day 4 after introduction (the gray part between the branches was already here when the coral arrived). And here a photo of the entirety of the aquarium. For me this discoloration could come from 4 causes The tank is too new for sps (🤷‍♂️ better luck next month with a new canary sps) The light is too low The flow is too low There is nothing going wrong and I am just panicking😱🤯 because the coral is just a little paler due to acclimating to the tank parameters. Personally, I was thinking that the light is too low. Indeed, the light was at 50% blue and 50% white at introduction while the constructor speaks of 300 PAR at center when at 100%. Thus, I increased my percentage by 5% two times (yesterday and today and is thus at 60% blue and 60% white) and was going to continue this increase at a slower pace (+2% a day until reaching 80%). I not so sure of my conclusion. I need some experts help 😉. What is happening and what should I do?
  17. MangroveMaster

    Black Mangrove Help

    Hello all. I want to preface this by telling you what I’m needing help with; -How to save my black mangrove -How to care for the plant in the future -How to grow the black mangrove propagule(seed) that is healthy I collected my black mangroves from a chain of islands in Florida. The first mangrove was planted in the sand submerged. This was because it was high tide. It had 2 leaves, the original 4 propagule leaves, and a healthy root system. I would say it was around 5 inches tall. The other mangrove was floating in the water and had no roots, stems, and was completely closed up. I took both of these mangroves and put them into plastic bottles filled with the seawater from the area I collected them. I was on vacation at this time, so I brought both mangroves back to my home in the North(Hardiness zone 5b and near Lake Michigan). The mangroves were healthy and doing okay, but their state was slowly declining. The seed had started to spread out its leaves, but still no roots or stem. I had swapped out the water multiple times with tap water and added kitchen salt. I put the seedling into an aquarium with sand, soil, rocks, and saltwater. The seedling could not hold itself straight so I gave some support in the form of a skewer stick. This did not work out, so I put it into a plastic bottle and near a grow light. It was declining in state, but 2 more small leaves formed in the middle of the original 2 leaves. The seed was doing fine. The seedling stem was looking dried out, but the roots looked great. The plant stayed like this until I put it into the hydroponic grow light system with nothing but water. I also encased the whole system in a large plastic bag and plastic wrap. This was to keep the humidity and temperature at a good level. I was also spraying it multiple times a day. This setup was working out, but when I sprayed it one day, the plant collected a large water droplet on the top leaves, which made it bend down. This plant stayed in this position for a while, and I thought it would heal itself. Around this time, the outer two propagule leaves fell off. I also added soil, sand, and rocks to the hydroponic system(I know this defeats the whole point of a hydroponic system, but I thought it was a good idea). I supported the weeping stem by putting a small cup under it, which pushed it into a straight position. The plant wasn’t improving, but it didn’t seem to get worse. I then moved back into the aquarium with the same soil(but muddy), sand, rocks, and freshwater. The second pair of propagule leaves fell off while I was moving it, which left the top two leaves and the little buds. The top stem is very dried, but the bottom stem and roots look good and are even growing. That was around last week. Throughout this whole time, the seed has been floating in saltwater, and has grown a stem and small roots. The leaves have also spread out. WTL:DR(Way too long; didn’t read): I took mangroves from a place in Florida and they live with me in a hardiness level 4b area. The seedling has a very dried-out top stem, but the bottom stem and roots are looking okay(Look at pictures for more info)The seed is doing great. I need help to revive the seedling and allow both plants to thrive. First of all, thank you for reading this; I know it was very long, but I hope it gave insight into my journey with the mangroves. Secondly, what do you recommend for my way to save the seedling? I have found many resources for growing mangroves, but it seems that many people grow red mangroves instead of black mangroves in aquariums. I know a couple of things about how to grow black mangroves from these resources, but I want to get advice from others who are more experienced. My goal is to be able to grow black mangroves and reproduce them so I can help coastal environments. Thank you for any help that you give me. P.s. I posted pictures of both mangroves and the habitat that the seedling is in.
  18. Phycostatic

    Cycling Help Needed for Pico

    As the title says, I need help cycling my pico tank. I messed up the original cycle by removing every last bit of phosphate somehow, so I tried to add it back by putting some dry fish flakes in. The problem now is that, within roughly 12 hours, the food disappeared, Nitrates spiked, ammonia stayed at 0.5, and nitrites at nearly 2. However, the phosphates did not increase in the slightest bit. I only dosed two things in that time period: aquavitro's remediation (since there was a lot of seemingly organic things floating around) and Seachem's prime (to see if it would help the ammonia level). I have been adding Seachem's stability as well, but not within the 12-hour period that the food was in the tank. Also, I used live sand and live rock in the tank set up, and it's still in there of course. I'll upload a picture of my test results here so anyone may be able to interpret them. They look a little lighter in person, so consider that bit. I also increased the temp to about 82 to help with the bacteria effectiveness. Is that wrong? Did that throw off the whole cycle again? Also, any ideas what happened with the flakes? From left to right (not considering depth) is: ph - ~8 | Nitrates - ~40 | Ammonia - ~0.5 | KH - ~14 | Phosphates - 0.00 | Nitrites - ~2.0 Edit: Just did about a 50% w/c and ammonia dropped properly to about 0.1. Nitrites are at 0.4. The phosphates are actually at 0.1 roughly, I believe. Nitrates are at 20 now, KH at 12. I plan on getting my water digitally tested today, so I'll come back later with those results.
  19. Phycostatic

    Phyco's 5 Gal Reef

    Woah hey this is my first post here, though I've been somewhat of a lurker... I have started up a new pico reef a bit more than a week ago. As of today, Specific Gravity is 1.026 at 78 F, pH is around 8.4, Ammonia is around 0.5, Nitrates around 20, Nitrites around 0.3. As of three days ago, Calcium was 450, Magnesium was 1370, Phos was 0.0, KH was 16.3. I've done multiple water changes since then, so those last ones have probably gone down. For supplements, I have Red Sea's Foundation + (1 kg), which I dose very lightly (about 0.5 mg daily/whenever needed since I have nothing in there yet). I also have Red Sea's trace elements, which I dose even lighter. I have aquvitro's balance which I believe I dosed too much of, hence the high pH. I also have Red Sea's Algae Management, which I don't dose unless nitrates are high. For filtration, I just use the filter that came with it (it was Aquatop's Bullet Tank) but with SeaGel instead of a cartridge. I use the same lights that came with it since I plan on having 2-3 softies only. I use Hygger's heater (20W I think), and no skimmer. I am planning on getting a small powerhead to increase circulation if I need it. To cycle it, I used FritzZyme 900 with about 3x the base dose. This seems to not have worked, so I'm re-trying with SeaChem's Stability. That one seems to be working much better. I will be getting something to re-establish coralline algae on my live rock, since it seems to have died off. So, once I get this tank stabilized and get the rhythm and routine down, for livestock, I plan on putting a green clown goby in there, as well as a dwarf feather duster and possibly hermit crabs and snails. I'm not sure which of those last two, yet. I also plan on getting 2-3 softies. Will I need a skimmer for this? Any recommendations for what to do with my tank? This is only my second tank, so I'm no expert yet. Please give me any advice you think I may need.
  20. Hi everyone This is my first try at a saltwater tank. I have been keeping freshwater for around 6 years now. I have kept a Discus tank, Oscars and other SA cichlids and now I am trying a reef tank! Very pumped and nervous. So here where I am currently. the tank has been up running for 1 week. It is a Aquatop Recipe 24 gallon AIO system. It came with a foam sponge thing in the 1st chamber, some carbon & some ceramic rings, and a cheap-looking skimmer. So far everything is running smoothly, but I'll probably upgrade the skimmer down the road and maybe change out the foam for something else. Just using the lighting that came with for now. I used Caribsea live sand and just cheap reef starter dry rock from my LFS. I added the 2 Clownfish on the 3rd day and added a bottle of Dr Tim's. Today's water test showed Ammonia of (I think) .25. It was very close on the color chart. Nitrates were at 5 PPM. Temp 79.2 Salinity 36. I know I need to bring that down, but slowly, correct? I do plan on having corals at some point. I am getting RODI from my LFS. It tested 5 TDS. I know you want ZERO, but I'll have to live with it for now. I hate the heater in the tank. The cobalt heater I ordered, which will go in the return chamber was delayed in shipping, so I had to use an extra heater I had at home. I am sure I have made mistakes already and will make many more, but I am open to any and all help/suggestions!
  21. So this is my first dip into saltwater and this forum. I'm quite intimated with all of the information I don't know like what type of substrate I should use, how many fish, what type of coral, what species are compatable, etc, etc. I know I'd love to have a pistol shrimp/goby pair. Maybe a tasha shrimp goby? A tailspot blenny would be awesome to have. Is there another blenny I could add? I really like the pink streaked and possum wrasse as well. What considerations should I have regarding gender? I was hoping I could use arag-alive sand. Would 20 pounds be enough? Do yall have any suggestions? Literally any ideas/suggestions/information is welcome.
  22. Mauricio Lacerda

    Soft Corals closed polyps

    Hey guys, my reef tank is now 10weeks old, i tried soft corals a month ago and didnt go well.. i'm trying to learn with it, and start checking regular for parameters and weekly WCs. Since then, i told myself that i would wait 2 or 3 months for adding another coral to the tank, and keep thinking if nitrogen cycle was going well for a month i would add a pair of clownfish Last week, i went to my LFS and choose 2 clownfish. The owner of the LFS said i should try corals once more and gave me a leather and a kenya tree. So, the pair of clownfish have 1-1.5 inches and are totally happy, . They are very silly fish, and love swim (and eat alot). I noticed some color changes, black fins showed up. Since my last incident i have worries about corals, the leather opened up for 3 to 4 days at full bloom, and closed up. i read that they shed, and i noticed old skin coming out. one day i got to see all polyps again and they shirink up next day (normal behavior?) is still shedding?. The kenya is a big one, with two branches and alot of polyps,they stretch out but the polyps never open up fully, they stay closed. In the rock of the kenya i got another surprise, a single polyp of a zoanthus (yey). a green one. Its opening every day and looks really happy. its a 10g tank, after the weekly WC i got: amonnia is at 0 nitrit 0 nitrates 5ml/l KH 8 Calcium 425 ph 8.4 salinity 1024 the only thing i had some problems is temperature, at stable 83. its been really hot days here (Sao Paulo-brasil, 34 celcius. ITS WINTER) i installed fans over the aquarium now the temperature its at 80.6 to 81.5 range. and i want to get it lower to 79.5 to 80.5 at the end of the week (i'm trying to do it over time not at once.) so should i worrie about the corals? is normal to kenyas not open fully?
  23. jessicvmtz

    Wavemaker Placement

    Hi I'm new to the saltwater hobby (coming from 4 years in freshwater experience) and I need help with the placement of my wavemaker. I'm planning on getting corals in the next few months and I want to ensure they have the best environment I can provide. So far I've made my own reefscape with dry rock and now I'm wondering what kind of powerhead I should be using and where to position it? I have a 20 gallon tall aquarium and only has a clownfish and blue legged crab. My main concern is where to place my wavemaker and whether or not I may need two.
  24. BeansReef

    Waterbox Cube 20 Questions

    Hi tank m8s, I’m running my first reef tank and have a Waterbox Cube 20. I recently decided to install a protein skimmer in the middle chamber. However, this doesn’t give me enough room to put all of the activated carbon, bio balls, and filter sock into the first chamber. The third chamber houses my heater and return pump. I can fit both the carbon and the bio balls into the first chamber which leaves no room for the filter sock to go back in. Or if I take out one of those two things, I have room for one media bag AND the sock. For those of you with a similar set up, what are your opinions on eliminating the sock, carbon or bio balls? Many thanks!
  25. Gravity

    Gravity’s Biocube 14G

    This is my first reef tank and is currently around 21 months old. Late into my first year I experienced some Dino and had really slowed my coral growth. It has taken many months to get things growing again. I initially started this tank as a softy and LPS build but it has now shifted to a softy tank. MY SETUP Tank: CoralLife Biocube 14 Heater: Cobalt Neotherm 50w Lighting: Stock Lighting - 24w Actinic - 24w 10K - 1x Blue LED Bar Filtration: Chamber 1: Heater/ False Bottom Removed Chamber 2: InTank Media Basket (4/29/19) - Top: Filter Floss - Middle: BRS Carbon ROX0.8 (5/14/2019) Chamber 3: Stock Pump/Temperature/ AutoAqua Smart ATO Micro Circulation: Hydor Koralia Nano 240 Sand: 20 lbs Caribsea AragAlive Special Grade Rock: BRS Reef Saver Water: BRS 6 Stage RODI System Salt: Red Sea (Blue Bucket) Dosing: None Testing: Refractometer Nyos Nitrate HI736 Ultra Low Phosphorus HI775 Alkalinity Salifert Calcium Salifert Magnesium Fish: - ORA Gladiator Clownfish “Pennywise” A. ocellaris (LA 4/18/2019) - Randalli Prawn Goby (AA 6/8/2019) “Timon” Invertebrates: - Blue Legged Hermit (AA 6/8/2019) “Jack” - Red Banded Pistol Shrimp (BTR 6/15/2019) “Pumbaa” - 1x Nassarius Snails - 1x Cerith Snail - 1x Trochus Snail - Dwarf Cerith Snails Corals: Soft Fire and Ice Zoanthid (WWC 5/24/2019) Green Star Polyp (WWC 5/24/2019) Weeping Willow Toadstool (BLC 6/8/2019) WWC AOI Zoanthid (CC 1/15/2020) OG Pink Zipper Palythoa (CC 1/15/2020) Orange Ricordia Yuma (MSR 1/2/2020) LPS WWC Blue Dragon Favities (5/24/2019) * Recovering from Blackout Frag Tank: Pink/Purple Blasto (AA 6/15/2019) WWC Red Comet Lord (5/24/2019) Green Acan Lord Green Ricordia Yuma (CC 1/15/2020) The Dearly Departed: - WWC Grapevine Lord (WWC 5/24/2019) *Shortly After Received - 1x Scarlet Hermit (AA 6/8/2019-6/21/2019) *Jack - Misbar Clownfish (BLC 6/8/2019-7/9/2019) *Clownfish aggression - Purple Monster Zoanthid (BLC 10/12/2019- *Single Head disappear - Black Ice Clownfish “Columbus” A. ocellaris (BLC 10/12/2019) *Disappeared, likely clown aggression - WWC Lavender Duncan (5/24/2019) *Blackout - Duncan (AA 6/15/2018) *Blackout - Purple & Pink Acan Lord (BLC 10/12/2019) *Blackout - WWC Candy Striped Lord (5/24/2019) *Blackout - Orange Acan Lord *Blackout - Hot Hawaiian Palythoa (CC 1/15/2020) - WWC Purple Monster Palythoa (CC 1/15/2020) Startup 3/16/2019 5/21/2019 9/25/2019 12/04/2019 2/04/2020 3/16/2020 One Year! 5/24/2020 Post Blackout 1 12/9/2020
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