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About Subsea

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  • Birthday 05/29/1948

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  • Location
    Austin, Tx
  • Interests
    Hunting, fishing and reefing. At present, I have over 7000 gallons in salt water. At the end of Feb, I will have a grand opening for AquacultureRanch. Macro and live rock will be my mainstay.

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  1. Subsea

    Gracilaria Hayi question

    G Hayi will do well. It does not normally attach. Wedge inbetween rocks or use fishing line to tie it. Under low light, it will colorup dark burgundy. As light gets brighter color will shift to fire engine red. Under intense light it will colir up yelowo/orange, but not attractive like Dragons Breath.
  2. Glad you got electricity back. While I take great comfort in being able to get off the grid and knowing how to live off the land, I take greater comfort in microwave ovens & iPhones.
  3. Subsea

    Thank size refugium ratio?

    If you have the room, go for it. Throw some pods , snails, micro stars and feed them well, then your refugium will become a zooplankton reactor which would live stream food 24/7. The possibilities of diverse filter feeders would thrive in that enviroment.
  4. Not many people would drive two hours at night in the first snow storm of the season to get Tigger Pods to feed an orphaned pony. Oddly enough, I was in a Pittsburg lfs and who do I see braving the first snow storm of the season: Dawn Gilson.
  5. Subsea

    I.D. Help

    I also like Caulerpa Prolifera. It reminds me of Oar Grass. I have had a thick meadow of it undulating in the current with emerald green fronds. Fish grazing on nutritious biofilm that form on macro surfaces. Just keep it off of your rocks and in the substrate.
  6. Subsea

    I.D. Help

    For algae dip eradication, I use a 10% solution of hydrogen peroxide for 10 minute soak. For sensitive coral, I dip for 5 minutes.
  7. Subsea

    Would adding more bacteria cause a cycle?

    Carbon dosing grows bacteria. Skimmate is 95% bacteria. However, in addittion to carbon, bacteria will uptake N & P. I have been skimmerless for 35 years. There are many ways to perform nutrient management in a reef tank. I prefer to frag & sell coral or ornamental macro (seaweed). Macro combines carbon/nitrogen/Phosphate in 560/30/1 ratio. Choose the nutrient management that works for you.
  8. Subsea

    I.D. Help

    Not all Caulerpa is “feather” Caulerpa. Way to much blue to identify. Try a differrent picture. However, from what you say “solid &/rubbery like kelp”, I will guess Caulerpa Prolifera. https://www.marineplantbook.com/marineplantbookgreenalgae.htm Now, you should be able to tell us what it is. What do you want to do with it? Personally, I like it in the substrate.
  9. Subsea

    Would adding more bacteria cause a cycle?

    I will tell you what RandyHolmesFarley told me this year when I asked him about carbon dosing and amino acid dosing. Food provides carbon. Bacteria consuming animal & plant proteins produce amino acids. IMO, it is not necessary to carbon dose, but then again I feed live mussels to the system every day. Yes, I feed the system, not just the fish.
  10. Subsea

    Would adding more bacteria cause a cycle?

    Once denitrification bacteria are established, nitrates will come down without water change.
  11. Subsea

    Would adding more bacteria cause a cycle?

    Yes, that is true but denitrifying bacteria will multiply much faster than nitrifying bacteria. @LogicalReefs Nitrifying bacterias are autotrophic which grows slowly and mainly responsible for the conversion of ammonium (NH4+) to the nitrate(NO3-) by fixing the nitrogen in combined form. Autotrophic bacterias consume inorganic carbon i.e. CO2 for their growth. Denitrifying bacterias are heterotrophic which grows rapidly and are responsible for the conversion of nitrate(NO3-) to the nitrogen gas(N2). Heterotrophic bacterias consume the organic carbon for their growth. Typically, denitrifying bacteria grow in the facultative zone with reduced oxygen enviroment. In the reduced oxygen environment of the facultative zone, these bacteria scavenge oxygen from NO3 to reduce it to free nitrogen gas.
  12. Subsea

    Natural Filtration

    You are welcome. Incidentally, the new gorgonian looks great.
  13. Sounds like progress. Multiple stair climbing never worked out for me. As I read your post, it became obvious to me, you are totally & hopelessly an addicted reefer. Making holes in the walls & ceilings to control pumps. Kudos to you. You should know that I am in Greensburg looking at a fire place burning wood in my brothers house. Yesterday, we played tourist in Pittsburg. The last place stopped was Whorley fish market. I have been in many big fish markets, this one is “top of the line”. Instead of black mussels for my reef tanks, I used them to make a stock for a fish & shrimp Courtbuillion.
  14. Subsea

    Fluval 13.5 refugium and protien skimmer??

    Welcome to NR and the undersea world of reef aquariums. No, you do not need a protein skimmer. I have been skimmerless for 35 years. Many nano tanks have been set up for > 10 yrs without protein skimmer. Routine sandbed gravel vacume with water changes are standard protocoal. Enjoy the hobby.
  15. Unfortunately, there is no magic ratio to prevent Cynobacteria. I provide nitrate > 5 ppm. This seems to favor all photosynthesis, thus providing competition to cyno. Low nutrients eliminate some competition thus allowing undesirables to grow. I equate it to my vegetable garden. I provide nutrients and water to grow desirable but weeds still grow. Once weeds are removed and plants mature, the desirable plants compete for nutrients & sun thus providing some natural control to weeds. Think of your ornamental macro and coral colonies in that same way.