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About Mirya

  • Rank
    RFA Enabler
  • Birthday May 24

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    Raleigh, NC
  1. So happy this tank won TOTM. It is one I have long admired!
  2. Beautiful aesthetic. Congrats on TOTM!
  3. Congrats, Gena! It is well deserved! Blasphemy, there is always space for "just one more coral!" A Margarita sounds like an awesome runner-up, however.
  4. Congrats, Gena! It is well deserved! Blasphemy, there is always space for "just one more coral!" A Margarita sounds like an awesome runner-up, however.
  5. Common Names: Rock flower anemone Red beaded anemone Scientific Name: Phymanthus crucifer Synonyms: Actinia crucifera (original name granted by Le Sueur, 1817) Epicystis crucifer (this outdated name is the one most commonly used in the hobby) Natural History: Phymanthus crucifer is a species of sea anemone native to shallow waters in the Caribbean Sea. Distribution of locations of P. crucifer described in 21 different scientific reports. Map from Hexacorallians of the World website. It is found in crevices of reef rocks and on sand flats. It either imbeds its foot deep within fissures in the rock or attaches its foot to rock several inches below the sands. In both instances, the entire column will be hidden and only the oral disk will be visible. It also camouflages itself by attaching bits of broken shells, sand and rock to the suckers on the upper part of the column. When disturbed, the anemone can retract into the crevice or sand. P. crucifer contain symbiotic zooxanthellae, providing the anemone with oxygen and energy. It is hosted by Asteropotius ungellatus, a small copepod measuring approximated 1 mm in length. It is predated on by several types of sea snails belonging to the family Epitoniidae, commonly known as wentletraps. Physical Characteristics: Zoologist Addison Emery Verrill wrote an elegant description of the species in his 1907 publication The Bermuda Islands: “When fully extended the body of the larger specimens may be 6 to 8 inches or more long and 2 to 3 inches in diameters, while the disk and tentacles may expand to the breadth of 6 to 8 inches, but specimens of about half these dimension are much more common. In full expansion the edge of the disk is usually curved into six to twelve wavy undulations, or they may become deep sinuous frills; sometimes they disappear and the broad disk is then usually concave, but changeable. Occasionally these are only four great undulations of the disk. The tentacles, which are very numerous, and form three of four crowded rows, are of moderate length, stout and tapered, but not very different in form or length. They are generally crossed by several raised, flake-white, transverse ridges or bars, usually bilobed or dilated at the ends, and containing large batteries of nematocysts. “The disk is covered with numerous unequal radial rows of small, simple papillae or tubercles of various sizes, the rows corresponding to the tentacles of all but the out cycles. The smaller are rounded and wart-like; the larger, conical or paplliform. The column is smooth below, but has short rows of suckers, usually bright red in color, to which foreign objects adhere, on the upper part. Each row usually has 6 to 10 suckers in large specimens, decreasing in size below. The margin bears a circle of rounded acrorhagi, each one in line with a row of suckers. “The ground color of the column is usually pale flesh-color, cream-color, or whitish, irregularly striped, streaked on flammulated with carmine, rose-red, light red, or crimson, not unlike some varieties of striped apples; near the upper margin it usually changes to gray; verrucæ bright red. The disk is elegantly variegated with several colors; the central part is often bright iridescent green, beyond which it may be variegated with lavender, russet-brown, green, yellow, and flake-white, in various patterns. Frequently the ground-color of the disk is whitish, grayish or yellowish green; while the tubercles may be darker yellow, green, olive, or brown. The basal disk is usually light red. The lips may be lavender, with white gonidial grooves; inside of mouth often pink. The tentacles also vary in colors, but usually correspond in color more or less with the disk; most commonly they are greenish or olive-brown, with the cross bars flake-white; the white cross-bars are often most numerous and most distinct on the outer tentacles.” Captive Care: P. crucifer is a hardy specimen to keep in the aquarium and is appropriate for beginner aquarists. Due to its small adult size, it is suitable for the nano aquarium. It will obtain the energy it needs from its photosynthetic zooxanthellae, but will also appreciate supplemental meaty feedings (eg Mysis shrimp). Moderate-to-bright lighting, similar in appropriateness for soft corals, will support photosynthesis. Supplemental feeding will hasten growth and is particularly recommended if aiming for reproduction. Compared to other sea anemones, P. crucifer has an extremely weak sting. It is not detectable by humans. P. crucifer tends to also be much more stationary than other sea anemones. Once they settle in a place they like in the aquarium (they might travel from where they are initially placed to find this spot), they tend to remain put. P. crucifer will not host anemonefish, but they will host a variety of invertebrates, such as sexy shrimp (Thor amboinensis), anemone shrimp (Periclimenes spp.), and porcelian crabs (Neopetrolisthes spp.) NOTE: Take care when treating a tank for flatworms that contains P. crucifer. Flatworms release a toxin as they die. VIP Reef reported massive losses of P. crucifer when they treated their systems for flatworms. Blue spectrum lighting, particularly from LEDs, will enhance P. crucifer’s fluorescing properties, making specimens pop. Photos from Coral. Reproduction: P. crucifer at Coral Morphologic releasing sperm. For the full video go to http://coralmorphologic.com/b/2012/05/31/anemone-spawn P. crucifer reproduces sexually. No confirmed reports of asexual reproduction of P. crucifer by fragging have been identified, but if anyone has a documented example, please post it. Most temperate sea anemones that reproduce sexually have an annual cycle influenced by various factors such as water temperature, sunlight intensity, lunar cycle or food availability. In Brian Jennison’s study of P. crucifer, he found a low level of gametogenesis throughout the year, with a significant increase in the spring. Dick Perrin comments in his article on captive breeding of P. crucifer that collectors of wild specimens off the Florida coast see an increase in juvenile anemones in the spring and fall, suggesting a biannual pattern. Captive bred P. crucifer offspring surrounding an adult at Tropicorium. P. crucifer is dioecious and exhibits a sex ratio of 1:1. Males release sperm into the water column. Coral Morphologic reports they have always witnessed spawning in the evening, between 5-6 PM. Fertilization occurs internally in the female. The female broods the young internally, up to the 6, 12, or 24 tentacle stages of development. When the young are released, they tend to settle around the disk of the female. The young will accept feeding with items such as, brine shrimp naupulii, rotifers, Cyclop-Eeze, and phytoplankton. Newly released young are colorless; color development occurs within a few weeks. Left: Two newborn P. crucifer anemones attached to Valonia sp. bubble algae at the base of their mother anemone at Coral Morphologic. Right: Colorful juvenile P. crucifer captive bred at Tropicorium. Nano-Reef.com Tanks Showcasing P. crucifer: Please post below with a link to your tank thread if you would like to be added to the list. 1stimereefer's A Maiden's Voyage & My Rockin' Flower Garden DaveFason's Nano Box Flower Garden Frank's Nuvo 8 Gena's You Grow Girl Keydiver's Psychedelic Pico 2s Mirya's Mini Flower Garden Retail Sources: Non-fluorescing specimens can be purchased for as inexpensively as $10. Ultra-colored, fluorescing specimens can cost in excess of $100. The following vendors have been used by Nano-Reef members in the past to purchase ultra P. crucifer specimens. If you have any other recommendations, please post them. KP Aquatics Pacific East Aquaculture Reef Gardener Aquascapers VIP Reef References: Chen C, Soong K, Chen CA. The smallest oocytes among broadcast-spawning actiniarns and a unique lunar reproductive cycle in a unisexual population of the sea anemone, Aiptasia pulchella (Anthozoa: Actiniaria). Zool Stud. 2008;47: 37-45. Fautin, DG. Hexacorallians of the World [internet]. Lawrence (KS): University of Kansas (US); [updated 2013 Jan 2; cited 2014 Mar 8]. Available from: http://geoportal.kgs.ku.edu/hexacoral/anemone2/index.cfm Foord C. Anemone spawn. 2012 May 31 [cited 2014 Mar 8]. In: Morphologic Blog [internet]. Miami: Coral Morphologic. C2008- . Available from: http://coralmorphologic.com/b/2012/05/31/anemone-spawn Foord C. Summer solstice birthing. 2009 Jul 6 [cited 2014 Mar 8]. In: Morphologic Blog [internet]. Miami: Coral Morphologic. C2008- . Available from: http://coralmorphologic.com/b/2009/07/06/summer-solstice-birthing Humes AG. A review of copepoda associated with sea anemones and anemone-like forms (Cnidaria, Anthozoa). Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society; 1982. Jennison BL. Reproduction in three species of sea anemones from Key West, Florida. Can J Zool. 1981;59:1708-19. Perrin D. Captive culture of the rock anemone, Epicystis crucifer. Coral. 2012 Sep/Oct;9(5):60-8. Verrill AE. The Bermuda Islands Part V. New Haven: Yale; 1907. Additional Reading: Reef Hobbyist Magazine article "Rock Flower Anemonies: Breeding What Can't Be Fragged" by Miguel Tolosa in the second quarter 2015 issue. Videos: VIP Reef goes on a dive trip for P. crucifer. You can check out the habit these come from in the wild: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TQCjSMFMgyQ These videos don't apply to just P. crucifer, but are useful for any anemone owner (or potential owner). First off, how to buy a good quality anemone: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P3ZxGiaqWsg Secondly, how to (try to) move an anemone: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PXmyuw6ffMs
  6. Mirya

    IM Nuvo 8

    Mirya's Mini Flower Garden (Nuvo 8) on 1/26/14.
  7. I'm still in the planning stages of my tank (i.e. no water in the tank yet), which is a 24g Cardiff. I really love bottom dwelling fish. With this size tank, would it be possible to keep a jawfish (pearly or blue spot) and a Pistol Shrimp/Goby pair? If so, what order should I stock them? Would I need a PVC tunnel for the shrimp and goby? I was planning on making a PVC house for the jawish.
  8. Mirya

    UPS woes

    My package arrived safe and sound today. Nicely packed. Now I'm just waiting for delivery 2, from the Cyber Monday sale to arrive.
  9. Back on post 1167 a link was posted to a video to mod the Tunze 9002 skimmer. Sounds like people that did the mod were really pleased with it. Unfortunately, that video has been taken down. Anyone able to reproduce the directions for me? I just got my Tunze today to install into my Cardiff. Thanks! EDIT: I found a working video of the mod on Vimeo.
  10. I went to go pick up the used Cardiff today and discovered it had a huge scratch in the glass, right in the front. : ( So, I went to the LFS that had Cardiff's on Thanksgiving weekend sale and bought a new one instead. I'm water testing it tonight. Also ordered a Tunze Osmolator online with a Black Friday discount. Now I sit back and wait for packages to arrive from inTank, Marine Depot, and Nimble Nano. : ) I start a new job tomorrow. I think I'll wait for my first paycheck to come in before buying LEDs, a controller, and a Vortech. (Besides, I still haven't decided which route I'm going with for the LEDs and controller anyways.)
  11. Thanks for the links, Joe. They are very helpful!
  12. Hi all- I had kept a 75G mixed reef (that I upgraded to 90G halfway thru) back when I lived in Florida in 2002-2006. I had to break it down and sell it since I was moving to Canada for a Masters program. I pined for my tank the whole 5 years I was in Canada. I was just too busy to maintain a tank. Now I've moved back to the States. (As in this week! I'm still waiting for the moving company to ship my belongings.) In lieu of sitting in my empty apartment staring at the walls, I've been trolling the LFS. I knew I wanted to get an AIO tank after I settled from the move... But, I saw a Cardiff and fell in love and want to get started soon! (I'll be staying in this apartment for about a year, then if the job goes well, buying a house. Once we move into a house I'd like to get a 90G or larger going again too.) I found a used Cardiff on Craigslist, that I hope to pick up this weekend. I also put in an order tonight with inTank for a Tunze 9002 skimmer, the modified cup, and their media basket. Things have changed a lot while I was gone from the hobby. There are lots of AIO makers now, rimless tanks are the rage, and LED lighting is feasible... So, I've spent the past few days reading the forums (went thru the whole Solana owner's thread, read every thread I could find with searching for Cardiff, and have poked around in various other areas), but I still have some questions. 1) Any concerns I should have about buying used? What will I need to do to clean a used tank before I use it? Vinegar? (A LFS has a Black Friday pricing on the Cardiff too this weekend if I want it new. Would be $140 more than used.) 2) I really am interested in trying the LED route. So many choices though! I would like to be able to do sunrise/sunset and moonlighting. I'd like a mixed reef, moving into some SPS and maybe a clam once things are stable. AI Nano or Sol, Ecotech Marine Radion, and Maxspect Mazarra are the units that caught my eye. Coverage, programmability, ability to support SPS/clams, and to a lesser degree, cost are my concerns. I'm sure there are fanboys for each of these units. Which will fit my needs best? Sell me on it! 3) Controllers. I ran my 75/90G sans controller so I don't know much about these either. It seems like they must be a big headache saver though. (ATO looks like a headache saver too. I plan on getting a Tunze. I used a modified IV dripset on my old tank. I think I want a bit more precision on a nanotank!) RKE or RKL seems to be what almost everyone mentions having. But I know there are many other brands. What makes the RK a favorite? What add-on type modules do I need to get other than the controller? (I honestly need a "controllers for dummies" document to read.) 4) In the Solana owner's thread (post 1167) someone posted a link to a video to mod a Tunze 9002 skimmer. Sounds like people that did the mod were really pleased with it. Unfortunately, that video has been taken down. Anyone able to reproduce the directions? 5) How handy is it to have the wireless Vortech vs the regular? That's all the questions I have for now. Once I get the tank and start setting it up, I'll start a tank thread too.