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Anthias

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Anthias

Juwelen-Fahnenbarsch_Pseudanthias_squamipinnis_0511173_Weibc.jpg

Anthias are known for being finicky eaters (even to the point of starvation), poor shippers, and sometimes prone to infections when stressed.  But they are also some the most beautiful reef fish in the ocean; and fortunately for us, some species of Anthias are both hardy and peaceful (Lyretail, Bartletts, or Dispar Anthias are often considered the most forgiving for those new to keeping Anthias).  Provide a generous amount water flow and live rock that recreates its natural reef environment (with caves, slopes, and overhangs).  A well fitting top is also required.

 

Anthias make a stunning addition to a peaceful fish community.  However, a large species specific tank is ideal, where a single male is kept with several (maybe four to six) females and juveniles, or kept alone (singly) in smaller tanks (close to the recommended minimum tank size).  Anthias are hermaphroditic.  So if a dominant male perishes, the largest female of the group will often take its place (which can take a few months).  Males usually have a different coloration than the females.

 

Anthias are considered planktivores (which eat pods).  In the wild, they eat zooplankton throughout the day.  In the home aquarium, they need to be fed no less than three times a day (4 or 5 being better).  An attached pod refugium is recommended to supplement their diet throughout the day (with live food).  You might initially try feeding frozen mysis shrimp, but gut loaded live brine shrimp might be required to entice feeding.  Eventually, you might be able to wean them onto other frozen foods, or even quality dry foods (which could be used with an automatic feeder).

 

Sunset Anthias (Pseudanthias parvirostris)

Max Size: 3"

Minimum Tank Size: 70 gallons

Care level: Moderate

Temperament: Peaceful

Reef Compatible: Yes

Origin: Maldives

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Resplendent Anthias (Pseudanthias pulcherrimus)

Max Size: 3"

Minimum Tank Size: 70 gallons

Care level: Moderate

Temperament: Peaceful

Reef Compatible: Yes

Origin: Indonesia, Maldives

 

Waitei Anthias (Luzonichthys waitei)

Max Size: 3"

Minimum Tank Size: 55 gallons

Care level: Difficult

Temperament: Peaceful

Reef Compatible: Yes

Origin: Fiji

Species Notes: Anthias within this genus do not differ between the genders. Especially shy, the Waitei Anthias may require extra care.  It's best kept in small groups of five or more individuals.

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Bartlett's Anthias (Pseudanthias bartlettorum)

Max Size: 3.5"

Minimum Tank Size: 70 gallons

Care level: Moderate

Temperament: Semi-aggressive

Reef Compatible: Yes

Origin: Marshall Islands

Bartlett's_anthias_Pseudanthias_bartlettorum.jpg

 

Princess Anthias (Pseudanthias smithvanizi)

Max Size: 3.5"

Minimum Tank Size: 70 gallons

Care level: Difficult

Temperament: Peaceful

Reef Compatible: Yes

Origin: Fiji, Indonesia

Species Notes: The Princess Anthias is a deep water species and may be difficult to acclimate.  They are also poor shippers.  Keep lighting low initially; but over time, it should adapt to stronger lighting.

 

Ignitus Anthias (Pseudanthias ignitus)

Max Size: 3.5"

Minimum Tank Size: 70 gallons

Care level: Easy

Temperament: Peaceful

Reef Compatible: Yes

Origin: Maldives

 

Carberryi Anthias (Nemanthias carberryi)

Max Size: 4"

Minimum Tank Size: 70 gallons

Care level: Moderate

Temperament: Semi-aggressive

Reef Compatible: Yes

Origin: Africa, Maldives

Nemanthias_carberryi.png

 

Dispar Anthias (Pseudanthias dispar)

Max Size: 4"

Minimum Tank Size: 70 gallons

Care level: Moderate

Temperament: Peaceful

Reef Compatible: Yes

Origin: Indonesia, Sri Lanka

Redfin_anthias_(Pseudanthias_dispar)_(41949927770).jpg

 

Evansi Anthias (Pseudanthias evansi)

Max Size: 4"

Minimum Tank Size: 70 gallons

Care level: Moderate to Difficult

Temperament: Peaceful

Reef Compatible: Yes

Origin: Maldives, Sri Lanka

Pseudanthias_evansi.jpg

 

Red-Bar Anthias (Pseudanthias cooperi)

Max Size: 4"

Minimum Tank Size: 70 gallons

Care level: Moderate

Temperament: Peaceful

Reef Compatible: Yes

Origin: Indo-Pacific

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Red Saddled Anthias (Pseudanthias flavoguttatus)

Max Size: 4.5"

Minimum Tank Size: 70 gallons

Care level: Difficult

Temperament: Peaceful

Reef Compatible: Yes

Origin: Indonesia

Species Notes: The Red Saddled Anthias may be difficult to acclimate.  They are collected in waters of up to 98 feet deep and prefer low to moderate lighting conditions, but will eventually adapt to stronger lighting.

AsahiHGyg.jpg

 

Red Belted Anthias (Pseudanthias rubrizonatus) a.k.a. Tri-Color Anthias

Max Size: 5"

Minimum Tank Size: 125 gallons

Care level: Moderate

Temperament: Semi-aggressive

Reef Compatible: Yes

Origin: Indo-Pacific, Indian Ocean

Species Notes: The Red Belted Anthias displays aggression towards conspecifics and other anthias.  But it can be kept singly or in small shoals comprised of several females with one male.

PseudanthRubrizonatus3Izuzuki.jpg

 

Indian Ocean Lyretail Anthias (Pseudanthias squamipinnis)

Max Size: 5"

Minimum Tank Size: 125 gallons

Care level: Moderate

Temperament: Semi-aggressive

Reef Compatible: Yes

Origin: Africa, Kenya, Maldives

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Fathead Sunburst Anthias (Serranocirrhitus latus)

Max Size: 5"

Minimum Tank Size: 70 gallons

Care level: Moderate

Temperament: Peaceful

Reef Compatible: Yes

Origin: Indonesia, New Caledonia, Philippines

Species Notes: The Fathead Sunburst Anthias prefers to hang out at the bottom of a deep tank, with low to moderate intensity lighting.

Serranocirrhitus_latus.jpg

 

Huchtii Anthias (Pseudanthias huchtii)

Max Size: 5"

Minimum Tank Size: 125 gallons

Care level: Moderate

Temperament: Semi-aggressive

Reef Compatible: Yes

Origin: Indonesia

Threadfin_anthias_male.jpg

 

Lyretail Anthias (Pseudanthias squamipinnis)

Max Size: 5"

Minimum Tank Size: 125 gallons

Care level: Moderate

Temperament: Semi-aggressive

Reef Compatible: Yes

Origin: Fiji, Indonesia, Melanesia

Juwelen-Fahnenbarsch_Pseudanthias_squamipinnis_0511173_Weibc.jpg

 

Bimaculatus Anthias (Pseudanthias bimaculatus)

Max Size: 5"

Minimum Tank Size: 125 gallons

Care level: Moderate

Temperament: Semi-aggressive

Reef Compatible: Yes

Origin: Maldives

Pseudanthias_bimaculatus.jpg

 

Blood Spot Anthias (Pseudanthias luzonensis)

Max Size: 5"

Minimum Tank Size: 125 gallons

Care level: Moderate

Temperament: Semi-aggressive

Reef Compatible: Yes

Origin: Indonesia

 

Stocky Anthias (Pseudanthias hypselosoma)

Max Size: 7"

Minimum Tank Size: 125 gallons

Care level: Moderate

Temperament: Semi-aggressive

Reef Compatible: Yes

Origin: Australia, Fiji, New Caledonia

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Squareback Anthias (Pseudanthias pleurotaenia)

Max Size: 8"

Minimum Tank Size: 100 gallons

Care level: Moderate

Temperament: Semi-aggressive

Reef Compatible: Yes

Origin: Fiji, Indonesia, New Caledonia

Pseudanthias_pleurotaenia.jpg

 

Photos by image.png.764b7df6a2818ad7ca0b4ddd2d888742.png

 

Saltwater Fish Index

 

Edited by seabass
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